The Queen's speech is expected to cover a raft of 'family-friendly' policies today when Parliament is officially re-opened.
The family focus comes as the coalition Government steps up its bid to recover from a catalogue of problems and a local election mauling.
More flexible leave for parents, faster adoption processes, better help for special needs pupils and improved access arrangements for divorced fathers will all be included in a wide-ranging Bill, Downing Street sources indicated.
The unveiling of legislative plans for the coming year is a key part of an attempted government relaunch amid bleak economic news and backbench pressure for a change of course.
David Cameron and Nick Clegg defended the two-year-old power-sharing deal yesterday - insisting that it was now more important than ever before in the fight to cut the state deficit and balance the country's books.
Among the measures expected today are
- Binding votes for shareholders on executive pay - bolstering a growing revolt against boardroom excess
- Public sector pension reform
- Efforts to slash business red tape
- Energy market regulation
- The creation of a National Crime Agency
- Tougher regulation of supermarkets
- A new ban on driving while under the influence of drugs
And there will detailed plans for the splitting up of banks to avert a repeat of the 2008 crash.
But the Government will also signal its intent to press ahead with reform of the House of Lords - a key Liberal Democrat demand but the focus for anger among many Tory MPs, including senior figures.
A Number 10 source said the inclusion of a Bill covering a host of family policies would demonstrate that the premier was "passionate" about giving children a good start in life.
Among its provisions will be ending what Mr Cameron calls "absurd" barriers to mixed-race adoptions by making speed a more important factor than race in the adoption process.
It will also confirm the intention to consult on changing the law to give divorced fathers better access to their children - despite an official review recommending it should not happen.
Care proceedings in court will be subjected to a time limit of six months and the system of providing support for special needs pupils speeded up and simplified.
And there will be moves to provide access to "flexible parental leave" - reported to include the chance for new mothers to transfer more of their maternity leave to fathers.
Labour leader Ed Miliband set out his own priorities for the next year yesterday as he warned the coalition was presiding over a "crisis of politics" that was turning off voters.