Three of the world's biggest companies defended themselves against claims their tax management schemes amount to tax avoidance.
Starbucks, Amazon and Google were accused of "immoral" tax avoidance in a fiery three-hour showdown with a Commons spending watchdog. Business Editor Laura Kuenssberg reports.
All three executives denied repeated allegations that they were engaged in aggressive tax avoidance.
- Starbucks have paid no income or corporation tax income or corporation tax here in the UK in the last three years
- Google paid taxes of £3.5 million on UK sales of £2.5 billion
- Amazon paid less than a million pounds on UK sales of £4.5 billion
Starbucks insisted it was "an extremely high taxpayer" globally and acted "to an ethical" as well as legal standard, despite declaring losses on its UK operation. Its global chief financial officer Troy Alstead did admit the company had struck an "attractive" deal with Dutch authorities over tax. He said:
Matt Brittin, CEO of Google UK, insisted it would be "very hard" for it to pay more tax in the UK under present rules. He was commended by MPs for admitting Google chose Ireland and Bermuda as its main bases because taxation rates were favourable. He said:
Amazon's public policy director Andrew Cecil endured the most serious verbal mauling, and was accused of not being a "serious person" after he failed to provide MPs with answers to basic questions, such as who owned the Luxembourg-based company.
Chair of the committee Margaret Hodge said:
All three companies stressed a number of times during the hearing that their affairs were entirely legal under British tax law, a point that MPs conceded. Mrs Hodge said: