1. ITV Report

A changing country: key figures from the 2011 census

Figures from the 2011 census have been released today. Photo:

The 2011 census has shown a large increase in foreign-born residents and a decrease in the amount of Christians in England and Wales.

Here are the key figures from the Office for National Statistics:

  • Most residents in England and Wales belonged to the white ethnic group - 86 per cent, 48.2 million - in 2011.
  • In London, 45 per cent (3.7 million) out of 8.2 million usual residents were classed as white British.
  • The amount of Polish-born residents in England and Wales has significantly increased since 2001, as the table below shows:
The amount of Polish-born residents in England and Wales has significantly increased since 2001. Credit: ONS
  • Two million households with at least two people had partners or household members of different ethnic groups in 2011 - a three per cent increase.
  • Four per cent of households have no one who spoke English as their main language.
The number of Christians in England and Wales has decreased. Credit: John Giles/PA Archive
  • The number of people who stated that their religion was Christianity in 2011 was less than in 2001. Christians decreased to 59 per cent (33.2 million) in 2011 from 72 per cent (37.3 million) in 2001.
  • The amount of people who said they had no religious affiliation increased from 15 per cent (7.7 million) in 2001 to 25 per cent (14.1 million) in 2011
One in six are aged over 65.
  • The population in March 2011 was 56.1 million - a seven per cent increase (3.7 million) since 2001.
  • Foreign-born residents living in England and Wales increased from 4.6 million in 2001 to 7.5 million in 2011.
  • One in six people were aged 65 or over (16 per cent, 9.2 million).
Home ownership has decreased. Credit: Rui Vieira/PA Wire
  • Sixty-four per cent (14.9 million) of households owned their own home in 2011.
  • Home ownership increased by 4 per cent since 2001.
  • People that rent from a private landlord or letting agency increased from 1.9 million to 3.6 million.
The number of vans and cars have increased. Credit: Rui Vieira/PA Wire
  • The number of cars and vans available for use by households increased from 23.9 million to 27.3 million between 2001 and 2011.
  • In 2001, there were on average 11 cars per 10 households. In 2011, there were 12 cars per 10 households.
  • London was the only region where the number of cars and vans was lower than the number of households.
Only London had more households than vehicles. Credit: Johnny Green/PA Wire
  • Ten per cent or 5.8 million people provided unpaid care for someone with an illness or disability.
  • Over a third (37 per cent, 2.1 million) of these people were giving 20 or more hours care a week.