What is the so-called 'bedroom tax'?
- It is a change in housing benefit rules, introduced in April 2013. Since that time, those living in social housing who are deemed to have a spare bedroom are asked to downsize or face a cut in benefits.
- Ministers want to cut housing benefit by 14% for those deemed to have one extra bedroom and 25% for claimants with two or more spare bedrooms.
How many people will this affect?
- The 'bedroom tax' will affect around 660,000 social housing tenants across the country.
Who will be affected?
- Separated parents who share the care of their children and who may have been allocated an extra bedroom to reflect this. Benefit rules mean that there must be a designated ‘main carer’ for children (who receives the extra benefit).
- Couples who use their spare bedroom when recovering from an illness or operation.
- Foster carers because foster children are not counted as part of the household for benefit purposes.
- Parents whose children visit but are not part of the household.
- Families with disabled children.
- Disabled people including people living in adapted or specially designed properties.
Source: The National Housing Federation
Why do the government want to cut housing benefit?
- The government says the proposals will save money and help deal with a housing shortage by encouraging people to move out of homes that are too big for them.