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Is it a roll, bap, batch, cob or a barm?

Is it a 'roll', 'bap', 'batch', 'cob' or a 'barm'? Is one of the questions being asked by students in Mancghester Photo: Press Association

Is it a 'roll', 'bap', 'batch', 'cob' or a 'barm'? Or do you eat 'dinner', 'tea' or 'supper' for your evening meal? These are just some of the questions being asked by students from the University of Manchester.

A survey of 1,400 English speakers by linguist Dr Laurel MacKenzie and her students at the university has revealed a north-south divide on how we describe everyday items such as bread, trousers,footwear and evening meals.

See what the following every-day items are called across the UK:

The study has created maps to show the differences in regional language. Credit: University of Manchester

For example, ‘one’ and ‘gone’ typically rhyme when spoken by northerners, but not southerners. In addition, ‘give it me’ is more acceptable in the North whereas they’re more likely to use ‘give it to me’ in the South.

Also according to the survey, Brummies can’t make up their mind if they’re northern or southern: like their northern neighbours, they rhyme ‘one’ and ‘gone’, but they mirror the south in calling the evening meal ‘dinner’ and fail to rhyme the words ‘foot’ and ‘strut’.

The study looked at what people across the UK call their evening meal. Credit: Press Association

This research shows a clear north-south divide in many of the words we choose to use when describing everyday items, and the way we pronounce them.

Variation is pervasive in language, and often correlates with social factors, like age, socioeconomic status and a person’s place of origin...

The source of regional differences in pronunciation is often more clearly understood. Changes in pronunciation may start in a particular area and spread outward, but be stopped or slowed down by political or geographical barriers.

– Dr Laurel MacKenzie