Pope Francis has chosen to canonise two popes at the same time in an unprecedented open-air ceremony in Rome.
The pontiffs are popular, well-known figures within the Church who made their marks in very different ways. Here's all you need to know about the pontiffs.
- Born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli in Bergamo, Italy, he was one of 14 children
- Pope from 28 October 1958 to his death in 1963
- Nicknamed "Il Papa Buono" - The Good Pope
- Known for his sense of humour. When asked “How many people work in the Vatican?” he famously replied, “About half.”
- Modernised Church with reforms such as allowing Mass to be said in native languages rather than traditional Latin
- Fostered good relations between the Catholic Church and the Jewish faith
- Credited with performing one miracle since his death - healing a sick nun who had endured 14 surgeries for a gastric hemorrhage
- Candidates for sainthood usually have to have performed two miracles - Pope Francis has technically "bent the rules" to allow John XXIII to become a saint because of his huge popularity.
Pope John Paul II
- Born Karol Józef Wojty?a in Wadowice, Poland
- Pope from 16 October 1978 to his death in 2005
- Nicknamed Blessed John Paul
- First non-Italian Pope in 455 years
- Survived an assassination attempt in 1981 in Vatican City, later visiting the gunman in jail and forgiving him
- Recognised with helping to bring about collapse of communism
- Travelled more than any other Pope - visiting more than 120 countries
- Credited with performed two miracles since his death - healing a Costa Rican woman with a brain aneurysm and nun with Parkinson's
- Has attracted criticism for his conservative teachings on abortion, homosexuality and birth control
- His canonisation is the fastest in Catholic history.