A secretive tree-living carnivore from the cloud forests of the Andes heads this year's top 10 list of newly discovered species.
1. The olinguito
The olinguito, from Columbia and Ecuador, is the first new carnivorous mammal described in the western hemisphere in 35 years. A smaller cousin of the raccoon, it weighs around 4.5 pounds and is threatened by deforestation.
2. The Kaweesak's Dragon Tree
The largest new species is the 40ft Kaweesak's Dragon Tree, which has somehow remained unnoticed in the Loei and Lop Buri mountain regions of Thailand.
3. Orange Penicillium
At the other end of the scale, a bright orange soil fungus was discovered by scientists in Tunisia.
4. Tersicoccus phoenicis
Smaller yet is the "clean room" microbe Tersicoccus phoenicic, from the US and French Guiana.
The bug was found to have infected spacecraft assembly rooms and could potentially contaminate other planets, scientists say.
5. Domed Land Snail
The Domed Land Snail, or Zospeum tholussum, is a tiny transparent snail, one of 18,000 new species named in the last year.
6. Tinkerbell Fairyfly
Invisible to humans, the Tinkerbell Fairyfly discovered in the past year was named after the fairy from J.M Barrie's Peter Pan that is invisible to adults.
Without magnification, it would be impossible to see the creature's long delicate wings and spindly fringes. It lives in a bucolic forest setting.
7. Leaf-tailed Gecko
The newly discovered gecko, Salturius eximius, was discovered in Australia, and could have evaded scientists for so long due its superb camouflage.
8. Amoeboid Protist
9. Skeleton Shrimp
The ghostly looking skeleton shrimp was discovered in California.
10. Ice anemones
Discovered by scientists and engineers with the Antarctic Geological Drilling Programme (ANDRILL) the new anemones live upside down, hanging from the ice, in contrast to other anemones that live on or in the sea floor. They have been named Edwardsiella andrille, in honour of the university team from Nebraska, that discovered them.
The list was chosen by a committee of experts from around 18,000 new species named in the past year. Dr Antonio Valdecasas, from the National Museum of Natural Science in Madrid, Spain, who chaired the selection committee, said: