1. ITV Report

Top ten newly discovered species revealed

A secretive tree-living carnivore from the cloud forests of the Andes heads this year's top 10 list of newly discovered species.

1. The olinguito

The little carnivore is threatened by deforestation, scientists say. Credit: Mark Gurney/CC

The olinguito, from Columbia and Ecuador, is the first new carnivorous mammal described in the western hemisphere in 35 years. A smaller cousin of the raccoon, it weighs around 4.5 pounds and is threatened by deforestation.

2. The Kaweesak's Dragon Tree

A new species of tree has been discovered in Thailand. Credit: SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

The largest new species is the 40ft Kaweesak's Dragon Tree, which has somehow remained unnoticed in the Loei and Lop Buri mountain regions of Thailand.

The tree has somehow remained unnoticed, despite its majestic form. Credit: SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

3. Orange Penicillium

At the other end of the scale, a bright orange soil fungus was discovered by scientists in Tunisia.

Orange Penicillium Credit: Cobus M. Visagie/PA Wire

4. Tersicoccus phoenicis

Smaller yet is the "clean room" microbe Tersicoccus phoenicic, from the US and French Guiana.

The bug was found to have infected spacecraft assembly rooms and could potentially contaminate other planets, scientists say.

Clean Room Microbes, Tersicoccus phoenic Credit: Leibniz-Institute DSMZ and Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology

5. Domed Land Snail

The Domed Land Snail, or Zospeum tholussum, is a tiny transparent snail, one of 18,000 new species named in the last year.

Domed Land Snail, Zospeum tholussum/ Credit: Jana Bedek/PA Wire

6. Tinkerbell Fairyfly

Invisible to humans, the Tinkerbell Fairyfly discovered in the past year was named after the fairy from J.M Barrie's Peter Pan that is invisible to adults.

Without magnification, it would be impossible to see the creature's long delicate wings and spindly fringes. It lives in a bucolic forest setting.

Tinkerbell Fairyfly, Tinkerbella nana. Credit: Jennifer Read /PA Wire

7. Leaf-tailed Gecko

The newly discovered gecko, Salturius eximius, was discovered in Australia, and could have evaded scientists for so long due its superb camouflage.

leaf-tailed Geckon, Saltuarius eximius Credit: Conrad Hoskin/PA Wire

8. Amoeboid Protist

Amoeboid Protist. Credit: Manuel Maldonado/PA Wire

9. Skeleton Shrimp

The ghostly looking skeleton shrimp was discovered in California.

Skeleton Shrimp, Liropus male Credit: SINC (Servicio de Informacion y Noticias Cient)

10. Ice anemones

Discovered by scientists and engineers with the Antarctic Geological Drilling Programme (ANDRILL) the new anemones live upside down, hanging from the ice, in contrast to other anemones that live on or in the sea floor. They have been named Edwardsiella andrille, in honour of the university team from Nebraska, that discovered them.

ANDRILL Anemone in ice Credit: SCINI/PA Wire

The list was chosen by a committee of experts from around 18,000 new species named in the past year. Dr Antonio Valdecasas, from the National Museum of Natural Science in Madrid, Spain, who chaired the selection committee, said:

One of the most inspiring facts about the top 10 species of 2014 is that not all of the 'big' species are already known or documented.

One species of mammal and one tree species confirm that the species waiting to be discovered are not only on the microscopic scale.