We may be eating more sugar than we realise in processed foods, as many contain added sugar. The foods contain sugar to help improve taste, add bulk and improve texture.
A comprehensive list of all the names sugar can take has been sourced by the British Nutrition Foundation.
- Tip: Sugars usually end in ‘ose’ and the nearer the start of the ingredient list they are, the bigger the amount included.
Added sugars are typically described as sugar or sweeteners added during its production.
This refers to sucrose, fructose, glucose, and other isolated sugar preparations used as such, or added during food preparation and manufacturing.
- Tip: Look at the 'carbs as sugars' on the nutrition panel of a product. Less than 5g per 100g is low, more than 15g per 100g is high.
The sugars added, may have the following names:
- Sugar - including Brown sugar, Beet sugar, Cane sugar, Palm sugar, Corn sugar
- Invert sugar (or invert sugar solution or invert sugar syrup)
- Dextrose (or dextrose monohydrate/anyhydous)
- Fruit juice concentrates
- Deionised fruit juices
- Evaporated cane juice
- Corn sweetener
- Malt extract
- Dextrin and Maltodextrin
- Hydrolysed starch or starch hydrolysates (glucose syrup, high- fructose syrup)
- Tip: Reduce the sugar in recipes and add spices to boost flavour and taste.
Syrups can be commonly found in some beverages and foods, these can be named as:
- High-fructose glucose syrup
- High- fructose syrup
- Fructose-glucose syrups or Glucose syrups
- High maltose syrups
- Corn syrup
- Rice syrup
- High-fructose corn syrup
- Malt syrup
- Maple syrup
- Agave syrup
Sources used: UK - FSA, NHS, EU - EFSA, EUFIC and International - CODEX, WHO.