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Up or down? The key statistics of David Cameron's reign

David and Samantha Cameron arrived at Downing Street in May 2010 and will depart after six years and two months. Credit: PA

David Cameron's six years in power, both as leader of the coalition and then the majority-Tory government, is set to come to an end.

So how do the likes of average house prices, rate of unemployment, migration levels and petrol prices compare with when he entered Number 10 in 2010?

Here's a review of what has risen and fallen on his watch.

Employment (up)

There are 2.45 million more people in employment than when David Cameron became PM.

29.14m
The number of people in employment in the UK when Cameron became PM.
31.59m
The number of people in employment in the UK in the three months to April 2016.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimates the current employment rate (the proportion of people aged from 16 to 64 in work) to be 74.2%: the joint highest since comparable records began in 1971.

Unemployment (down)

The most recent unemployment figure shows a drop of 840,000 since Mr Cameron came to power.

2.51m
The number of people unemployed in the three months to May 2010.
1.67m
The number of people unemployed in the three months to April 2016.

According to the ONS, the unemployment rate is 5% - the lowest since the three months to October 2005.

A million young people were out of work in the UK in 2011. Credit: PA

Population (up)

The latest figures from the ONS show the number of people living in the UK has increased by 3.7% over the past six years.

62.75m
The population of the UK in 2010.
65.11m
The population of the UK in 2016.

Price of petrol (down)

The cost of unleaded petrol, based on Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC) figures, has fallen by just under 10p on Mr Cameron's watch.

121.3p
The price of a litre of unleaded petrol the week Cameron became Prime Minister.
111.9p
The latest price of a litre of unleaded petrol.

Prices rose during the early years of his premiership but have fallen more recently.

Net migration (up)

The most recent figures for net migration to the UK show a rise of almost 90,000 people after dramatic fluctuations since 2010.

244,000
Net migration to the UK in the year to June 2010.
333,000
Net migration to the UK in the year to December 2015 - the latest figures from the ONS.

The number fell during Mr Cameron's early years in charge, reaching 154,000 in the year to September 2012 before a rise in 2013 until it hit a record high of 336,000 in the year to March 2015.

Pound versus dollar (down)

The value of the pound against the US dollar has dropped by roughly 10% since May 2010 - with the steepest fall occurring after June's EU referendum.

$1.45
The worth of £1 in May 2010.
$1.31
The worth of £1 in July 2016.
The average house price is 22% higher in 2016 than in 2010. Credit: PA

Average house price (up)

The average UK house price has increased 22% in the past six years.

£170k
The average UK house price in May 2010.
£209k
The average UK house price in April 2016.

Size of the deficit (down)

The size of the government deficit - also known as the amount of government borrowing - is down by £80 billion, according to the ONS.

£154.8b
The size of the government deficit just before May 2010.
£74.9b
The current size of the government deficit.

National debt (up)

The size of the UK's national debt has soared under Mr Cameron.

£1tn
The size of the UK's national debt in May 2010.
£1.61tn
The size of the UK's national debt in May 2016.

When expressed as percentage of the UK's economic growth (GDP), debt has increased from 71.7% in 2010-11 to the current level of 83.7%. (This is net debt, according to the ONS, and excludes public sector banks.)

Renewable energy has risen while the UK's greenhouse gas emissions have fallen. Credit: PA

Greenhouse gas emissions (down)

Greenhouse gas emissions have been reduced steadily during the past six years, based on the latest estimates by the DECC.

588.2
Total emissions (in million tonnes) in April-June 2010.
483.0
Total emissions (in million tonnes) in January-March 2016.

Internet use (up)

Mr Cameron's time in power has coincided with a steady increase of internet users.

79%
The number of adults in the UK who use the internet regularly in 2011.
88%
The number of adults in the UK who use the internet regularly in 2016.

While 99% of people aged 16-24 are now online (99%), according to the ONS, the equivalent number for people aged 75 and over is 39%, up from 20% in 2011.

Cost of living (down)

The rate of increase in the cost of living, as measured by CPI inflation, has gone down over the past six years.

3.4%
The rate of increase in the cost of living in May 2010.
0.3%
The rate of increase in the cost of living in May 2016.

Inflation has remained close to and sometimes below zero for much of the last 18 months of Mr Cameron's premiership.

Women in cabinet (up)

David Cameron has steadily increased the proportion of cabinet posts held by women to its current record high percentage.

14%
Percentage of cabinet posts held by women in 2010.
33%
Percentage of cabinet posts held by women in 2016.
Women made up a third of David Cameron's cabinet as he left office. Credit: PA

Strike action (down)

Working days lost through industrial disputes have been at historically low levels throughout Mr Cameron's time as prime minister.

722,000
The number of working days lost through strikes in the year to May 2010.
241,000
The number of working days lost through strikes in the year to April 2016.

The exceptions to Mr Cameron's record were one-day strikes in November 2011 and July 2014 relating to changes to pension schemes and pay for some public sector workers.

Top rate of tax (down)

The top rate of income tax was reduced 5% by Mr Cameron's administration.

50%
The top rate of income tax in 2010-11.
45%
The top rate of income tax in 2016.

Both the standard rate of 20% and the higher rate of 40% have remained the same throughout Mr Cameron's time in power.

Tax-free personal allowances

Tax-free personal allowances - one of the flagship reforms of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition - have gone up in size by over two-thirds with an increase of £4,525.

£6,475
Tax-free personal allowances in 2010-11.
£11,000
Tax-free personal allowances in 2016-17.

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