Advertisement

  1. ITV Report

Queen's Speech: What are the new measures and how will they affect you?

The Queen delivering her speech on Wednesday

Brexit dominated many of the 27 Bills and draft bills in the Queen's Speech, while new safety and anti-terror measures were also announced in the wake of the Grenfell Tower tragedy and a spate of terror attacks.

Here's a rundown of the key measures announced by Her Majesty on behalf of Theresa May's Government in the House of Lords:

BREXIT

There are eight bills devoted to the complex process of withdrawal from the EU, including a Repeal Bill to overturn the 1972 Act that made the UK a member of the European Economic Community and separate Bills on customs, trade, immigration, fisheries, agriculture, nuclear safeguards and the international sanctions regime.

Eight of the 27 Bills and draft Bills are dedicated to Brexit

The Brexit bills:

  • Great Repeal Bill: designed to ensure a smooth transition from the EU, it will replicate Brussels law into domestic law, maximising certainty for people and businesses
  • Customs Bill: to ensure the UK has a standalone UK customs regime on leaving the EU, including the flexibility to accommodate future trade agreements
  • Trade Bill: a legal framework to allow Britain to strike free trade deals with countries around the world while ensuring domestic businesses are protected from unfair trading practices
  • Immigration Bill: to allow the UK to end the free movement of EU citizens into the UK but still allow the country to attract "the brightest and the best". EU nationals and family members will be "subject to relevant UK law" after Brexit
  • Fisheries Bill: to enable the UK to "exercise responsibility" for access to fisheries and management of its waters
  • Agriculture Bill: to deliver on the Tory manifesto pledge to provide stability to farmers as the UK leaves the EU, protect the natural environment
  • Nuclear Safeguards Bill: to give the Office for Nuclear Regulation powers to take on the role and responsibilities to meet international safeguards and nuclear non-proliferation obligations as the UK leaves the EU and Euratom
  • International Sanctions Bill: to establish a sovereign UK framework to impose international sanctions on a multilateral or unilateral basis, returning decision-making on non-UN sanctions to Britain and ensuring compliance with international law.

MAKING A SAFER AND MORE UNITED COUNTRY

The Speech confirmed plans for a public inquiry into the Grenfell Tower tragedy and Mrs May said she would take forward measures to introduce an independent advocate for all public disasters to support those affected and help them at inquests.

A new strategy for resilience in major disasters could include a Civil Disaster Reaction Taskforce to help at times of emergency.

The Queen has announced a new commission for countering extremism

Warning of an "unprecedented" threat from terrorism in the wake of attacks at Westminster, Manchester and London Bridge, Mrs May also announced a review of counter-terrorism strategy to make sure police and security services have "all the powers they need to protect our country".

The new Commission for Countering Extremism will be given the task of supporting the Government in "stamping out extremist ideology in all its forms".

The Government is to try to attract more women into the armed forces by offering flexible working patterns to fit in with family life.

Proposals included in the Armed Forces (Flexible Working) Bill include part-time service and special arrangements to ensure individuals are not deployed too far away from home.

The Draft Patient Safety Bill plans to improve patient safety in the NHS

Other safety bills

  • Armed Forces Bill: to provide service personnel with "modern, flexible" opportunities to serve their country in ways that "better suit their lifestyle aspirations and circumstances", including forms of part-time service
  • Data Protection Bill: to ensure the UK has a 21st century data protection regime, including strengthening rights and empowering individuals to have more control over their data, including a right to be forgotten
  • Draft Patient Safety Bill: to improve patient safety in the NHS and instil greater public confidence in the provision of healthcare services in England, including establishing the Health Service Safety Investigation Body in law to conduct independent and impartial investigations.

ECONOMY

Launching her agenda just 13 days after the disastrous election robbed her of the majority needed to be sure of delivering it, Mrs May said her legislative programme is "about delivering a Brexit deal that works for all parts of the UK while building a stronger, fairer country by strengthening our economy, tackling injustice and promoting opportunity and aspiration".

Economic measures focus on technological advancements in travel, including electric cars, space flights and HS2.

Motorway services and major petrol station chains will be required to install charge points for electric vehicles to help ensure the UK is a "world leader in new industries", the Government said.

The Smart Meter Bill will extend by five years powers to make changes to smart meter regulations
  • Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill: to ensure Britain continues to be at the forefront of developing new technology in electric and automated vehicles, including measures to help improve air quality and provide charging points for electric and hydrogen vehicles
  • Space Industry Bill: create new powers to license a wide range of new commercial space flights including vertically-launched rockets, space planes, satellites, space ports and other technology
  • High Speed 2 Phase 2A Bill: to provide the powers to build and operate the next stage of the £55.7 billion HS2 high-speed rail line between Birmingham and Crewe
  • Smart Meter Bill: to extend by five years powers to make changes to smart meter regulations
  • National Insurance Contributions Bill: to legislate for NICs changes announced in the 2016 Budget and 2016 Autumn Statement.

MAKING A FAIRER COUNTRY

Holidaymakers and renters are among those set to benefit from new protective measures, including updates to the Atol scheme for those travelling abroad and a ban on landlords charging "letting fees" which currently average £223 in the private sector.

There are bills to improve the treatment of victims of domestic violence, including new protection and sentencing powers and an end to the direct cross-examinations of victims by their alleged perpetrators in family courts.

Fairer country bills

  • Travel Protection Bill: to update the financial protection scheme for holidays including the Air Travel Organisers' Licence (Atol) scheme
  • Draft Tenants' Fees Bill: to ban landlords and agents charging "letting fees" or any payments as a condition of tenancy other than rent, a capped refundable security deposit at no more than one month's rent, a capped refundable holding deposit at no more than one week's rent and tenant default fees
  • Draft Domestic Violence and Abuse Bill: to establish a Domestic Violence and Abuse Commissioner and introduce new protection and sentencing powers
  • Civil Liability Bill: to crack down on fraudulent whiplash claims and reduce motor insurance premiums by about £35 a year
  • Courts Bill: to reform English and Welsh courts to make them more efficient and accessible, including an end to the direct cross-examinations of domestic violence victims by their alleged perpetrators in family courts and allowing more victims to participate in trials without having to meet their alleged assailant face to face
  • Financial Guidance and Claims Bill: to combine three financial advice bodies into one statutory body, accountable to Parliament, to provide debt advice, money guidance and pension guidance
  • Goods Mortgage Bill: to implement recommendations from the Law Commission to update Victorian-era law on logbook loans.

OTHER BILLS

  • The legislative programme will also include three Finance Bills to implement Budget decisions, a technical Bill to ratify several "minor EU agreements" and further Bills to affect the UK's exit from the bloc.

More on this story