The Institute for Advanced Motorists (IAM) has hit out at councils that make huge profits from parking charges while cutting road safety spending - one of those named was Milton Keynes.
The IAM claim Councils in England took more than £411 million in parking charges in 2011/12 - an increase of almost 15% on 2010/11.
At the same time, the amount spent by councils on road safety, education and safe routes to schools, decreased by 18% to #105 million.
It added that overall revenue spending on highways and transport reduced by 6% between 2010/11 and 2011/12, while capital expenditure (on construction, tarmac etc) reduced by an estimated 13%.
The IAM said the top council "earners" from parking in 2011/12, all in London, were:
:: Westminster - up 8.7% from 2010/11 to #38 million;
:: Kensington and Chelsea - up 31% to #27.5 million;
:: Camden - up 18% to #25 million.
Outside London the biggest earners were:
:: Brighton and Hove - up 18.9% to #13.7 million;
:: Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire - up 9.3% to #6.5 million;**
:: Newcastle upon Tyne - up 51% to #6.2 million.