Around 700 prison officer jobs are at risk after the Government announced plans to close four more jails, a union has warned.
Blundeston in Suffolk, Dorchester in West Dorset, Northallerton in North Yorkshire and Reading prisons are to close by next March, as they are either too expensive to run or need "substantial" investment, the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) said.
The closures were condemned by the Prison Officers Association (POA), which said it represents around 700 staff working in the four jails. Their jobs are now at risk, it warned.
The closure announcement was made as the MoJ said work would start next summer on a new 2,000-place "super" prison in Wrexham, north Wales.
The £250 million jail is expected to become fully operational by late 2017, creating 1,000 "much-needed" jobs as well as a boost to local firms, Justice Secretary Chris Grayling said.
Feasibility work has also started on a second large prison to be built in the south east of England, focusing on the possibility of replacing the existing Feltham Young Offenders Institution with a large new adult prison and a new youth facility on adjoining sites in west London.
Three other prisons are due to change their roles, the MoJ announced.
HMP The Verne in South Dorset will be converted into an immigration removal centre, providing around 600 additional places to hold immigration detainees awaiting removal.
HMP Downview in Surrey will change function to hold male rather than female offenders and HMYOI Warren Hill in Suffolk, will stop holding young offenders and will change to hold adult male prisoners, the MoJ said.
Discussions will also begin to end the lease on HMP Dartmoor.
Final decisions on the site are a long way off as the lease has a 10-year notice period but the age and limitations of the prison mean that it does not have a long-term future in a "modern, cost-effective" prison system.
The fresh closures come after it was announced in January that six prisons would shut and three jails would be partially closed as part of a far-reaching overhaul.
The MoJ also announced at the time that it would build four new mini-prisons, known as house blocks, at HMPs Parc, Peterborough, the Mount and Thameside.
The mini-prisons will hold up to 1,260 prisoners and will replace older, more expensive prison capacity.