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Prostate cancer is five different diseases

Cancer Research identify five types of prostate cancer

Scientists from Cambridge have identified five distinct types of prostate cancer which they say will help in the fight against the disease.

The researchers from the Cancer Research UK institute in Cambridge say the findings could have important implications for how doctors treat the cancer in the future by identifying tumours that are more likely to grow and spread aggressively through the body.

The researchers, from the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute and Addenbrooke's Hospital, studied samples of healthy and cancerous prostate tissue from more than 250 men.

Study author Dr Alastair Lamb, from the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute, said:

Our exciting results show that prostate cancer can be classified into five genetically-different types. These findings could help doctors decide on the best course of treatment for each individual patient, based on the characteristics of their tumour.

– Dr Alastair Lamb

More information on prostate cancer

Stevenage scientists unveil new craft to monitor pollution from space

Scientists at Stevenage based Airbus Defence and Space have unveiled a new craft today which will monitor pollution in space.

The Sentinel 5P Credit: ITV Anglia

The Sentinel 5P will monitor our ozone layer, pollution and climate change.

When launched it will orbit the Earth at a height of 824 km and can map the whole Earth's atmosphere in one day.

It's carrying the Dutch Tropomi monitoring system which will provide much more accurate and reliable data than ever before.

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Scientists seek chocolate eaters for new trial

Scientists in Norwich are looking for volunteers to take part in a trial which involves eating chocolate.

Chocolate bars Credit: PA Images

Researchers at the University of East Anglia are trying to find out if eating certain foods can reduce or even reverse memory loss in old age.

It is hoped the study could help in the fight against dementia.

Scientists finally able to recreate one of world's most bizarre fossils

A new study in Cambridge has uncovered more details of a bizarre fossil. Credit: Left: Jean-Bernard Caron Right: Danielle Dufault

Scientists at Cambridge University have finally completed a reconstruction of one of the most bizarre fossils ever found.

The Hallucigenia lived half a billion years ago and is related to modern insects and crustaceans.

For the first time, experts have been able to identify features of Hallucigenia's head, including its simple eyes and needle-like teeth.

The video above shows a recreation of how the creature would have walked.

CSI Essex solve bones mystery

Ancient bones that that were recovered by an Essex Police Crime Scene Investigator date back to Roman Times.

The mystery was solved after the bones were discovered by builders working on a housing development on Debden Road in Saffron Walden.

It soon became clear they were human bones but no-one knew how old they were.

So CSI Hilary Miller took up the case and sent photos to experts at Dundee University.

The Roman remains found in Essex Credit: Essex Police

"The bones in the images are human in origin and include a right legbone and part of the left femur lying in anatomical position which would be consistent with a previously undisturbed burial”.

– Dundee University

The final step in solving the mystery saw the bones being examined by an archaeology expert from Essex County Council, who confirmed that the bones were human, ‘beyond living memory’.

As Roman and late Iron Age artefacts have previously been found on the opposite side of Debden Road, as well as the condition of the bones, it is thought that the remains may date back to Roman times.

They've now gone on display at Saffron Walden Museum.

CSI Hilary Miller hands over the remains to Carolyn Wingfield from Saffron Walden Museum Credit: Essex Police

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Scientists at the UEA study the purpose of men

It seems every day scientists are coming up with new insights into human behaviour.

So how about this from those working at the University of East Anglia?

They're looking at the controversial issue of whether men serve any useful purpose at all.

It is research that is bound to provoke quite a response.

ITV News Anglia's Malcolm Robertson went in search of answers. Click below to watch his report.

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