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Prostate cancer is five different diseases

Cancer Research identify five types of prostate cancer

Scientists from Cambridge have identified five distinct types of prostate cancer which they say will help in the fight against the disease.

The researchers from the Cancer Research UK institute in Cambridge say the findings could have important implications for how doctors treat the cancer in the future by identifying tumours that are more likely to grow and spread aggressively through the body.

The researchers, from the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute and Addenbrooke's Hospital, studied samples of healthy and cancerous prostate tissue from more than 250 men.

Study author Dr Alastair Lamb, from the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute, said:

Our exciting results show that prostate cancer can be classified into five genetically-different types. These findings could help doctors decide on the best course of treatment for each individual patient, based on the characteristics of their tumour.

– Dr Alastair Lamb

More information on prostate cancer


'Selfie' help for cancer charity

A trend for posting 'no make-up selfies' is benefitting Cancer Research UK to the tune of £2 million. ,

Coronation Street actress Kym Marsh has joined the campaign Credit: Cancer Research UK

The charity, which has its research centre in Cambridge, has seen an "unprecedented" increase in donations. The online campaign started a week ago, asking women to post selfies wearing no make-up, and men to wear as much as they like!!!

Model Amy Willerton's selfie Credit: Cancer Research UK
Men are being encouraged to join in too!! Credit: Cancer Research UK

Routine test for risk of common cancers is close

Scientists in Cambridge say they could be only five years away from delivering a routine test that tells us how likely we are to get common cancers.

It follows their discovery of more genetic causes of the disease.

And they hope that by understanding the causes of cancer better, they may get closer to discovering cures, as Elodie Harper reports.


Cancer risk test could boost screening programme

Research by Cambridge scientists could lead to routine tests for patients genetic risk of cancer within five years.

The study compared the DNA of more than 100,000 cancer patients with a similarly sized sample from the general population.

They used microchip technology capable of identifying more than 200,000 genetic variants, some of which were suspected of being linked to cancer.

More than 1,000 scientists from 130 institutions in Europe and the US took part in the Collaborative Oncological Gene-environment Study (Cogs).

We're on the verge of being able to use our knowledge of these genetic variations to develop tests that could complement breast cancer screening and take us a step closer to having an effective prostate cancer screening programme

– Professor Doug Easton - Cancer Research UK

Dr Harpal Kumar, chief executive of Cancer Research UK, which co-funded the research, said:

This groundbreaking international work highlights how complex cancer is.

Hundreds, if not thousands of genes are likely to play a role in how cancers start.

But by understanding why some people seem to be at greater risk of developing cancer we can look towards an era where we can identify them and take steps to reduce their chances of getting cancer or pick up the disease at its earliest stages."

GPs could perform test for cancer risk in five years

Scientists at Cancer Research UK in Cambridge Credit: PA

GPs could be routinely testing patients for genetic risk of cancer within five years following a landmark study by Cambridge scientists.

The biggest investigation of its kind ever carried out has greatly multiplied the number of known genetic markers linked to breast, prostate and ovarian cancer.

In future, the results may make it possible to single out individuals with a potentially lethal hand of genetic cards using a simple saliva test.

They can then be monitored closely for the first signs of developing cancer, or - in the most high risk cases - be offered preventative treatment.

Experts believe the cheap and easy tests could be conducted in family doctors' surgeries.

Samples would initially be sent off to laboratory specialists, but eventually GPs could be doing the analysis themselves.

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