National Park Act passed in 1949. Since then many areas on land that are a safe have for wildlife, and which people visit to enjoy nature. In 1949 Marine Protected Areas also created – but far fewer than National Parks.
The idea behind Marine Conservation Zones is that they’ll redress the balance – so to ensure that there are many protected areas where underwater wildlife flourishes. Once designated, MCZs will conserve both marine species and undersea habitats, and not just the rare and threatened.
In the seas bordering East Anglia, marine wildlife which may benefit from these recommended sites range from starlet sea anemones and smelt, which are shoaling fish. Habitats that may be enhanced in the region’s seas include blue mussel beds, salt-marshes, reed-beds and chalk communities.