Scotland has failed to reach its full potential under Westminster rule, the First Minister claimed as he launched a new paper on the economic impact of independence.
Alex Salmond insisted that Westminster's policies did not fit with the priorities north of the border and had "held back" the country's progress.
But the Scottish Government paper on the powers and opportunities that would be open to an independent Scotland, was dismissed as a "glossy brochure" by the Nationalists' opponents.
They claimed the document contained little information about tax rates, borrowing, mortgages, insurance, the financial services industry or a detailed plan for a currency union.
The publication of Scotland's Economy: The Case For Independence continued the row over the country's economic prospects if it were to leave the UK following next year's referendum.
The UK Government yesterday published its own report raising concerns that savers and financial institutions could be hit under plans for independence.
However Mr Salmond said his government's report set out "the enormous attributes and key strengths of the Scottish economy across a diverse range of sectors".
But Alistair Darling, the chair of the cross party Better Together campaign which aims to keep Scotland in the UK, hit out at the Scottish Government's "flimsy economic plan".
The Scottish Government report states it will be in Scotland and the UK's interests to work together in a currency union, which would see an independent Scotland retain the pound. It also states Scotland could not reasonably be expected to take on a share of the UK's liabilities if Westminster insists Scotland is not entitled to a share of the assets.
However Chief Secretary to the Treasury Danny Alexander said the UK would "not be duty bound" to enter into a currency union.
Opposition leaders at Holyrood were also critical of the SNP administration
Conservative leader Ruth Davidson said the "economic booklet contains no actual detail on the economic consequences of separation".
Meanwhile Liberal Democrat leader Willie Rennie claimed the Scottish Government report "ignores the threat to banks and financial service jobs that was set out in yesterday's credible Treasury paper".
And Labour finance spokesman Ken Macintosh said: "After nearly 80 years of the SNP fighting for independence, the question has to be: is that it?"