The Government's Scotland Office have appointed Lord Smith of Kelvin to oversee the process which would see increased powers passed to the Scottish Parliament.
Lord Smith said in a statement today he wanted to turn the referendum's political energy into real action.
He will now begin consultations with all of the UK and Scottish political parties, as well as Scottish institutions, and some of those who voted in yesterday's referendum.
He also said he hoped to present a full list of recommendations about increased powers for Scotland by the end of November.
“There is an appetite for change and a strengthening of the powers for the Scottish Parliament. This is backed by all the main political parties.
"My role is to create a process through which we can channel that energy into real action. “There will be an opportunity for everyone to have their say."
The SNP supporters who voted against independence, and nine more interesting snippets from Lord Ashcroft's unofficial "exit poll".Read the full story ›
The result of Scotland's independence referendum was announced to the world by chief counting officer Mary Pitcaithly shortly after breakfast time.
Watch her read the final figures from the vote before confirming the country's decision to cheers at the Royal Highland Centre at Ingliston in Edinburgh:
Parents at a nursery in Hawick say the Scottish Referendum vote has changed their children's futures.
Some parents felt proud of being part of Britain and want their children to grow up as British citizens.
Others were concerned about what powers Scotland would have in the future over things that will affect their children's lives.
Hot topics at the Mansfield Nursery gates were healthcare, house prices and education, in particular University tuition fees.
Here's what some parents told ITV Border.
19-year-old David Patterson has been campaigning with Yes Dumfries for two years now.
Despite expecting a rejection from Dumfries and Galloway, he told ITV Border how upset he was at the overall result.
The South of Scotland has delivered a clear rejection of independence, with Dumfries and Galloway and the Scottish Borders voting by almost 2 to 1 to stay in the United Kingdom.
They returned some of the biggest percentage "no" votes in Scotland, but Yes campaigners say they're proud of the campaign they fought.
Katie Hunter sums up the day so far.
Police Scotland have thanked the public for a predominantly peaceful night during and following the Scottish independence referendum results.
Officers revealed that a total of six people had been arrested across the country last night, for alleged breaches of the peace and assaults, but that the night had otherwise passed peacefully.
"It is to everyone's credit that they remained calm on a day of potentially high emotion and co-operated fully with our Police Officers and also the staff at Polling Places on a day when record numbers turned out to vote.
"This meant the ballot and count passed off smoothly and there were just a very few isolated incidents across the country involving a small number of alleged offences."
Liberal Democrat peer Lord Steel has said that a no vote from people living in the South of Scotland was a "natural" decision because of their close relationship with their English neighbours.
Cumbria's Chamber of Commerce have released a statement detailing their reaction to today's news that it is a No vote from Scots against independence.
The chamber have voiced their relief at the outcome, and hopes for the future of business with its northern neighbours across the border.
"The voters of Scotland have spoken. Their historic decision to remain part of the UK will be a relief to many businesspeople and a disappointment to others.
"Uncertainty is always disruptive to business so this can't simply be the first in a series of referenda until one side or the other gets the result that it wants.
"That said, businesspeople all across the UK have long known that the referendum would be the start, rather than the end, of a process of change. Businesses will now expect Westminster and Holyrood to reach a devolution settlement that is clear, fair to both sides and swiftly executed.
"Any devolution deal for Scotland should trigger a new debate on local autonomy in England, giving local businesspeople more influence over how their taxes are spent and how business growth is supported. Local businesses deserve a say in how a new, less centralised UK is governed in the future.
"What we need to do now is to focus more than ever on how economic growth can be supported and further stimulated here in Cumbria."
Scotland has "changed forever" as a result of the independence referendum, Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has said.
So, so proud to have been part of the amazing Yes movement. Thank you to the 1.6m who voted Yes and to all who voted. Onwards! #OneScotland