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Some of the animals are kept indoors and fed on the by-products of other industries such as whisky distilling.
On a neighbouring sister farm, experiments are being conducted to alleviate the problems of soil that has become compacted by agricultural use.
Such compressed soil is prone to flooding and is less productive for growing grass and silage.
The experiments involve various ways of lifting or prodding the soil to aerate it.
The hope is that by using such radical approaches to improve land usage, they may be adopted by farmers world-wide.
One of the experiments involves a herd of 100 dairy cows being fed with the by-products of other industries such as the brewing industry.
The animals are kept indoors all the time, which means they could even be reared in towns or cities.
The cows are also being milked three times a day instead of the customary twice a day, which increases milk yields by up to 15%.
In another experiment, 100 cows are being fed using only food that is grown at the farm.
That way the farmer would not have to bring in extra feed, which may have been grown in environmentally sensitive areas such as depleted rainforests.
An experimental farm in Dumfries is attempting to solve some of the world's food problems.
The Crichton Royal Farm, part of Scotland's Rural University College, is carrying out a series of ground breaking experiments with dairy cows, one of which could see the animals being raised in city centres.
The research carried out at the world renowned agricultural centre, could improve land usage to help feed our planet's growing population.