As set out in the Bill, the vote will take place on September 18th 2014.
People will be asked to answer 'yes' or 'no' to the question "Should Scotland be an independent country?"
The Bill also sets out spending limits for the two main campaign groups, Yes Scotland and Better Together, and the rules surrounding the referendum's purdah period which prevents government from announcing any new legislation.
MSPs have already agreed to extend the franchise to 16 and 17-year-olds.
MSPs are set to debate the legislation that will allow the independence referendum to happen next year.
The Scottish Independence Referendum Bill sets out the date and the procedures that need to be followed.
The Referendum Bill Committee has backed the general principles of the legislation.
Baroness Thatcher's legacy in Scotland was the topic for debate at Holyrood this afternoon.
The discussion had been postponed to avoid a clash with yesterday's funeral.
Watch the full report from Jenny Longden below.
A debate is being held at the Scottish Parliament today about the legacy of Baroness Thatcher.
The debate was originally scheduled for yesterday but Scottish Conservatives complained that it was insensitive to hold it on the day of the former Prime Minister's funeral.
A debate on the legacy of Baroness Thatcher, due to be held at Holyrood tomorrow, has now been postponed until Thursday (18th April).
The Green Party, along with independent MSPs, wanted to coincide the debate with Baroness Thatcher's funeral.
However, at this morning's meeting of the Parliamentary Bureau, other parties agreed with The Scottish Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats that it should be postponed until the following day.
The Scottish Conservatives said that holding the debate deliberately alongside the funeral would have been provocative and insensitive:
A south Lakes MP is calling for a Parliamentary debate on the future of the West Coast main line railway and any future franchise award.
The new franchise will run for 14 years until introduction of the first phase of the high speed rail line in 2026.
Westmorland and Lonsdale MP Tim Farron says he wants a debate to ensure prices are not increased while services reduced.
He said: "I am prepared to back the bidder who offers the best deal for our area.
"I am calling for a parliamentary debate on the matter so we can make sure local residents are heard loudly and clearly in Westminster."