As World AIDS Day approaches on 1 December campaigners and charities are urging for more people to learn about the virus.
Waverley Care, a charity which supports people with HIV, found that there are worrying gaps in the knowledge of most people about how the virus is spread.
The study found that in South Scotland almost 20% of people thought that HIV could be spread through kissing.
The most common misconceptions are that the virus can be spread through:
Contact with unbroken, healthy skin
Being sneezed on
Sharing bath, towels and cutlery
Using the same toilets and swimming pools
Contact with animals or insects such as mosquitoes
A lack of general HIV knowledge was also highlighted throughout Scotland with national figures showing nearly a quarter (23%) of adults are unaware that a person who is HIV positive can live for more than 20 years.
For more information on HIV and how it's spread click here.
A man from Langholm who has been living with HIV for 30 years says more needs to be done to educate people about the condition.
Michael Hebington contracted HIV whilst living in New York in 1984.
He has been ill as a result of the virus for a long time and has seen many friends die from AIDS.
He told ITV about just some of the prejudice he's faced as a result of people not understanding how HIV is spread:
"I used to take my mother to the day centre five days a week, in the car, and after a couple of years I remember going in one ... going to the door one day and the person that runs it came to the door and she says Michael do you mind just dropping your mother off at the door and picking her up and the door when you come to get her? And I says no I says what's going on I'm her carer. She says oh there's been a complaint and says I hope it's not what I think it is, and he says it is Michael, someone saw you near the kitchen and said you were a health risk."