One of the experiments involves a herd of 100 dairy cows being fed with the by-products of other industries such as the brewing industry.
The animals are kept indoors all the time, which means they could even be reared in towns or cities.
The cows are also being milked three times a day instead of the customary twice a day, which increases milk yields by up to 15%.
In another experiment, 100 cows are being fed using only food that is grown at the farm.
That way the farmer would not have to bring in extra feed, which may have been grown in environmentally sensitive areas such as depleted rainforests.
More top news
GMB's Ben Shephard is cycling, running and swimming from Whitehaven to Tynemouth to raise money for the Children's Heart Unit Fund (CHUF).
Work to secure power supplies to one of the UK's most remote communities, Wasdale Head, gets underway today.
Over 100 Fell ponies and riders were invited by the Queen to march in the 'Guard of Honour' at Windsor Castle.