A consultation is being launched on how to improve the way the coal industry is regulated in Scotland.
Energy Minister Fergus Ewing says the move is part of Scottish Government efforts to save and create jobs and ensure appropriate restoration of coaled-out mines.
It comes before a Holyrood debate on open-cast mining this afternoon.
Scottish Coal and Aardvark TMC both collapsed earlier this year.
Glenmuckloch mine in Dumfriesshire was one of several sites at risk of being left untouched, after a court ruled liquidators did not have to pay to clean them up.
A restoration project only got underway because of a collaboration between Hargreaves, the Duke of Buccleuch, Dumfries and Galloway Council and the Scottish Mines Trust.