The paper also argues that an independent Scotland "will continue as a member" of the European Union (EU).
If there is a Yes vote next year, it sets out how the Scottish Government will "immediately seek discussions" with both Westminster and EU member states to "agree the process whereby a smooth transition to full EU membership can take place on the day Scotland becomes an independent country."
Having set out plans to keep the pound, the paper states that Scotland would "not seek membership" of the eurozone.
The paper also sets out plans for Scotland to negotiate its way from "being a Nato member as part of the UK to becoming an independent member of the alliance."
It goes on to state: "Scotland would take our place as one of the many non-nuclear members of Nato."
On the issue of Trident nuclear weapons, which are currently based on the Clyde, the paper pledges: "Following a vote for independence we would make early agreement on the speediest safe removal of nuclear weapons a priority."