The killer of a Leeds University graduate has lost an appeal against his life sentence for her murder.
Tatsuya Ichihashi, 33, was jailed last year for raping and strangling Lindsay Hawker at his flat in Japan in March 2007.
His lawyers claimed that he did not intend to kill the 22 year old, but Tokyo High Court upheld the sentence.
Lindsay Hawker was working in Japan as a language teacher and she was last seen alive after giving her killer an English lesson at a coffee shop.
Her body was found battered and bound in a bathtub filled with sand at Ichihashi's flat in Ichikawa City.
He then went on the run and was finally arrested in November 2009.