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Robots could replace humans in a third of UK jobs

Exclusive research for ITV's Tonight programme reveals that more than a third of UK jobs could be taken over by new generations of robots within the next two decades.

Companies across the Calendar region are embracing the way smart technology is impacting on work.

But as David Wood reports, in some areas there are concerns they could take over completely.

York set for ultra-fast broadband

York is to be one of the first cities in the UK to receive ultra-fast broadband.

York to get ultra-fast broadband
York to get ultra-fast broadband Credit: Press Association

SKY and TalkTalk are to join forces with CityFibre to create a new company that will provide the service.

The new joint venture company plans to build a state of the art, city-wide, pure fibre-to-the-premise (FTTP) network to deliver broadband speeds of 1 Gigabit (1000 Mbps) direct to tens of thousands of homes and businesses in York, offering customers better quality and value.

Customers should be connected to the new service by next year.

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See new guidebook which entices visitors to 'smell' York

New guidebook for York gives visitors a chance to 'smell' the attractions
New guidebook for York gives visitors a chance to 'smell' the attractions Credit: ITV Yorkshire

The smells being used to entice visitors include a day at York races, gunpowder and even the sulphur odour of a ghost.

The people behind the book claim you simply need to smell an image.

There are 12 in all, and they hope it will attract more tourists to York.

New guide book uses 'smell' to entice visitors

York minister which features in a new guidebook

A new guide book has been launched to give visitors the chance to "smell" the city of York. It features twelve photographs of the city - each infused with a suitable smell.

The scents include a cocoa fragrance to celebrate York's connection with chocolate manufacturing and the aroma of wild heather for the North York Moors.

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Are we more comfortable with robots with faces?

Two robots that can alter their facial expressions and make some basic gestures are being tested out by researchers at the University of Lincoln.

They are trying to work out if people feel more comfortable interacting with a robot if it looks as though it has a basic grasp of human emotions.

In the future the team hopes the study could lead to a new generation of robots that are capable of building relationships with people as James Webster reports.

Research could allow humans to develop robot relationships

Scientists at the University of Lincoln who are testing two new robots hope the project leads to a new generation of androids that humans feel more comfortable interacting with. They are looking at how new robots can be designed to show emotion to allow people to trust and understand them better.

The project team say such new robots could act as companions, perhaps working with the elderly, or with children with conditions such as autism, Asperger syndrome or attachment disorder. Existing robots lack identifiable human characteristics that prevent humans developing a bond with them.

Based on human interactions and relationships, we will introduce 'characteristics' and 'personalities' to the robot. If we can explain how human-to-human long-term relationships begin and develop, then it would be easier to plan the human-robot relationship. A companion robot needs to be friendly and have the ability to recognise users' emotions and needs and to act accordingly ... the robot needs to form a 'long-term' relationship with its users, which is possible by continuous interactions and the robot having its own personality and characteristics.

– PhD student Mriganka Biswas

Scientists will compare the effects of giving robots facial expressions and gestures with how people react to a robot which has no 'emotional' expression.

Scientists in Lincoln test robots with facial expressions

ERWIN the robot at the University of Lincoln
ERWIN the robot at the University of Lincoln Credit: ITV News

Two very different robots, capable of expressing emotions, are being tested at the University of Lincoln to see what responses they provoke from people. One can display five different facial expressions including happy, sad or surprised. The other can move its head and arms to create gestures.

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