A report by Broadmoor Hospital into abuse undertaken by its former patron Jimmy Savile described the late entertainer as an "adept manipulator of people".
It said as well as having his own keys and accommodation on the premises, he used his influence at the hospital to have a close associate appointed as general manager, who remained in charge of the institution for eight years.
Savile "used this connection and the 'friends in high places' he boasted of" to threaten staff with dismissal if they complained about his behaviour, the report said.
While Savile's "unconventional and promiscuous lifestyle" was apparent at the time, the hospital said there was no evidence that officials "knew anything of the very much darker side that has since become evident."
Findings of the investigations into Jimmy Savile's abuse of patients and staff at hospitals are "truly awful", NHS chiefs have said.
"The abusive behaviour of Jimmy Savile on NHS premises described in today's reports is truly awful," a joint statement between the heads of NHS England, the Trust Development Authority, Care Quality Commission and Monitor said.
"Our sympathy is with all the victims and we acknowledge their bravery in coming forward to talk to the investigations."
Both current chief executives of Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust and West London Mental Health NHS Trust, which covers Broadmoor, have apologised to victims.
Jimmy Savile had a friend installed as general manager at Broadwater Hospital while he abused at least five individuals at the hospital, an investigation has found.
ITV News Political Correspondent Carl Dinnen tweeted:
Jimmy Savile had a friend installed as General Manager at Broadmoor Hospital, investigation finds.
The Broadmoor report into abuse by Jimmy Savile makes two recommendations for the Department of Health and for public officials, including senior civil servants.
Una O'Brien, Permanent Secretary of the Department of Health, said:
On behalf of the previous Department of Health and Social Security, and Department of Health, we are deeply sorry that inadequate processes in 1988 enabled Jimmy Savile to occupy a position of authority that he used to abuse his victims at Broadmoor Hospital.
The Department of Health accepts that the procedures in 1988 were wholly inadequate for checking whether Jimmy Savile was a suitable person to be given a managerial role.
We agree with the recommendations that the Department of Health should only directly manage an operational service exceptionally. The new NHS system means the Department of health provides assurances of the system but does not directly manage the NHS.
We agree with the recommendation that the Department of Health and NHS organisations should have policies in place to ensure public officials, including senior civil servants, should not be involved in appointment processes when they have a close personal relationship with an applicant.
Jimmy Savile exploited weak safeguards at Leeds General Infirmary (LGI) to abuse patients and staff over a 47-year period, a report has found.
The investigation into Savile's crimes said organisational failures enabled Savile to continue "unchallenged" in the hospital.
- Weak internal controls in standards of support services and access to patients
- Weak systems to safeguard patients on wards
- Poor systems for patient or staff to raise concerns
- Leadership that "lacked curiosity about and visibility in the infirmary
The report said these factors enabled the "manipulative" Savile to "thrive" and continue his abusive behaviour unchecked for years.
While fewer people have alleged sexual abuse by Jimmy Savile at Broodmoor than at other institutions, the hospital confirmed that today's report is "likely to represent an underestimate of the true picture."
Patients were strongly discouraged from reporting at the time, and carry that legacy now, while many understandably simply wish to forget their time in Broadmoor.
Given the obvious difficulties for former patients, the surprise that so many did find the courage to come forward.
...There seems to us no doubt that Savile was an opportunistic sexual predator throughout the time he was associated with Broadmoor.
Britain has an obligation to prevent the abuse that occurred at the hands of Jimmy Savile ever happening again, a leading investigator has said.
The chairwoman of the independent investigation into Leeds General Infirmary, Dr Sue Proctor, said:
Before saying anything about our findings, I want to commend the courage of those former patients, staff and visitors to Leeds General Infirmary who experienced abusive or inappropriate encounters with Savile.
Because they came forward voluntarily and told us what happened to them, the NHS in Leeds and across the country now has an opportunity and an obligation to learn from their accounts and make sure that what happened in Leeds at the hands of Savile can never happen again.
The NHS is in their debt and I am truly grateful to each of them.
For some, although the abuse took place decades ago, their experience endures as a painful and upsetting memory that still has an effect on them today.
Jimmy Savile's victims at Leeds General Infirmary (LGI) ranged from five-years-old to pensioners and included men, women, boys and girls.Read the full story ›
Findings into Jimmy Savile's abuse at Leeds General Infirmary found:
- The independent investigators interviewed more than 200 people and reviewed over 1,300 documents over Savile's 50-year association with LGI
- The first case of abuse occurred in 1962 when Savile was 36 with the most recent in 2009 when he was 82
- He abused at least 60 people at the hospital including at least 33 patients
- Savile's victims ranged from five to 75 years of age
- 19 of those who came forward were under 16 with the majority of his victims teenagers
- 19 victims were female hospital staff
- Three cases of rape were reported
- 43 of the encounters took place in public areas such as wards, corridors and offices