A teenager from West Yorkshire has turned down a life saving double transplant for the second time in the hope that his quality of life will be better without the gruelling operation.
Liam Gawthorpe first said no to the operation when he was younger, and now at the age of 18 he's still says he'd rather just let nature take its course than face major surgery.
It's a decision that his parents say is as brave as it is heartbreaking. Claire Ashforth reports.
A teenager from Heckmondwike has turned down a double heart and lung transplant for a second time in seven years, saying he would rather live life as he is rather than undergo the gruelling operation.
18-year-old Liam Gawthorpe's parents are calling his decision incredibly brave, and say they are very proud of their son.
Heart and lung transplants involve major surgical procedure and are rarely performed. During the surgery, a person's diseased heart and lungs are replaced with the heart and lungs of someone who has recently died.
The NHS says heart and lung transplants are only carried out when all other treatment options have been exhausted. A 2010 study that assessed the long-term outcomes of people who have had a heart-lung transplant found that:
- 70% will survive for one year
- 50% will survive for two years
- 39% will survive for five years
Teenager Liam Gawthorpe says he's turned down a double heart and lung transplant to focus on enjoying quality of life without gruelling surgery. The 18-year-old, who runs his own pet shop, admits it is a brave decision, but one that he knows is right for him.
A 77-year-old motorist has been killed in an accident on the M1 motorway near Rotherham.
The man, collapsed at the wheel, which caused him to put his foot down on the car's accelerator pedal.
The vehicle then collided with a side crash barrier.
His 72-year-old female passenger applied the handbrake, the vehicle skidded across the carriageway, hit the central barrier and overturned.
The driver, from Liversedge, West Yorkshire, was taken to Rotherham District General Hospital but was pronounced dead on arrival.
His passenger, also from Liversedge, was treated at the hospital for minor injuries.
South Yorkshire Police would like to speak to anyone who witnessed the accident or saw the vehicle shortly before the crash took place.
They are urged to contact South Yorkshire Police on non-emergency number 101.
The Luddite's were workers who smashed equipment in nineteenth century mills because mechanisation was putting them out of work.
A statue has been unveiled at Liversedge in West Yorkshire to commemorate the two hundredth anniversary of a Luddite uprising at a local mill.