A report looking into last year's riots has blamed a lack of opportunities for young people, poor parenting and lack of confidence in the police for the outbreak of disorder.
The Riots, Communities and Victims Panel's findings are based on research in communities and consultation with social enterprises, local authorities, and private sector employers.
It concludes that a range of factors were to blame for the disorder, including:
- Inability to prevent people re-offending
- Lack of confidence in policing
- Families not getting the support they need
The report was commissioned last summer after the outbreak of disorder in across the country.
Birmingham was one of the worst-hit places.
The Panel says it supports the Troubled Families Programme, but feels the Government and public services should work out a way to help the 500,000 people who have been 'forgotten' and simply 'bump along the bottom of society".
The report calls on the Government to punish schools with fines if pupils leave primary or secondary education without being able to read and write to an "age-appropriate" standard.
It also asks for more support for people when they leave prison.
Communities told the panel that young people need to build character to help them realise their potential and to prevent them making poor decisions, like rioting.
They also added that having a job is key to people feeling that they have a stake in society, concluding that the government and local public services should fund a ‘Youth Job Promise’ scheme to get young people a job, when they have been unemployed for a year.
Darra Singh,Chair of the Riots Communities and Victims Panel says:
“When people don’t feel they have a reason to stay out of trouble, the consequences for communities can be devastating – as we saw last August.
“The causes of the riots were complex and there is not one thing that will prevent them from happening again.
“We urge Party Leaders to consider the importance of all of our recommendations. Should disturbances happen again, victims and communities will ask our Leaders why we failed to respond effectively in 2012.”
Full report by Amy Welch: