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  1. ITV Report

Factfile: What is autism and how does it affect us?

Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to, other people. Photo: Pam Malhi

Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to, other people.

It also affects how they make sense of the world around them.

  • It's a spectrum condition, which means it can affect sufferers in different ways.
  • Some people can live independent lives but others have accompanying learning difficulties and need lifetime support.
  • People with autism may also experience over- or under-sensitivity to sounds, touch, tastes, smells, light or colours.
  • Asperger syndrome is a form of autism
  • People with Aspergers are often of average or above average intelligence
  • They have fewer problems with speech but may still struggle with understanding language.

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