New research has found a lack of trust in police among Muslim communities leaves parents less likely to report children travelling to Syria.
Researchers from Birmingham City and the University of Birmingham conducted focus groups with Muslim parents to explore their views of the current counter-terrorism policing strategy following the rising middle-east crisis.
The study also showed many parents found it difficult handling moral dilemmas which would see them alienating their own children by passing information about them on to the police.
Feedback among those taking part included:
Another participant added:
Researchers found that parents feel they are likely to be held to account for their children's actions for which they are powerless to control, adding that historical cases of police mistrust were also a factor in their reluctance to report cases of children travelling to war torn parts of the world.