The NSPCC says the serious case review launched by Derby City Council into the deaths of six children who died in a house fire in Derby last May will see whether anything could have been done to prevent their deaths.
They will also look into what lessons can be learned for the future.
Mick Philpott was sentenced to life in prison yesterday for the manslaughter of his six children.
His wife, Mairead, and friend, Paul Mosley, were each sentenced to 17 years behind bars.
The charity says the review into the deaths of the Philpott children will take around six months to complete.
Where the ultimate blame should lay for the deaths of six of Mick Philpott's children is at the centre of fierce debate.
Editor and founder of the Guido Fawkes blog Paul Staines and Independent columnist Owen Jones amplified that debate on ITV's This Morning.
Paul Staines levelled the blame at the welfare state while Owen Jones said that was like blaming Harold Shipman on the NHS.
Shadow Chancellor Ed Balls launched a scathing attack tonight on what he called the "cynical, nasty and divisive" way George Osborne linked the Philpott case with the broader issue of state benefits.
Mr Balls said the "desperate" Chancellor had offended millions of hard-working people and was playing politics with a tragic case for his own political gain.
The shadow chancellor Ed Balls has condemned the "nasty and divisive" comments by George Osborne in which he questions why taxpayers' money was being used to "subsidise lifestyles" like Mick Philpott:
I believe George Osborne's calculated decision to use the shocking and vile crimes of Mick Philpott to advance a political argument is the cynical act of a desperate Chancellor.
Our main thought at this time should be about the six children who tragically lost their lives, and the others in the family who have been left to mourn their loss.
We should have a proper debate about welfare reform.
And we should discuss what action needs to be taken to tackle the scourge of long-term unemployment including the need for a compulsory jobs guarantee so that people cannot languish on the dole for years and years on end.
But for the Chancellor to link this wider debate to this shocking crime is nasty and divisive and demeans his office.
– Stephen Timms, Labour Work and Pensions Minister
It is wrong to link those acts with the debate about welfare and George Osborne should not be doing so, even implicitly.
Millions of people including pensioners and the disabled, people in work and out of work, receive benefits and tax credits. The Government needs to recognise that they are as shocked and disgusted by the callous killing of these children as anyone else in Britain.
Paul Mosley, the friend of Mick Philpott, chose not to give evidence during the trial.
He was sentenced to 17 years in jail for his part in the manslaughter of six children who died in a house fire in Derby last May.
Paul's sister, Angela Mosley, has told ITV News Central that she doesn't think her brothers sentence is long enough.
Mick Philpott has been sentenced to life in prison for the manslaughter of his six children in a house fire in Derby. His wife, Mairead Philpott, and family friend, Paul Mosley, were each sentenced to 17 years in jail.
Jade, Duwayne, John, Jack, Jesse and Jayden Philpott died almost a year ago.
Sentencing Mick Philpott to life in jail a judge told him he had "no moral compass".
Our Correspondent Phil Brewster has been following the case from the start.
Derby MP Chris Williamson has labelled George Osborne's comments as "sickening".
It comes after the Chancellor questioned why the taxpayer should pay for benefit "lifestyles" such as those of Mick Philpott.
Mr Philpott was jailed for life earlier today for killing his six children in a house fire in Derby.
His wife, Mairead, and friend, Paul Mosley, were each given 17 years behind bars.
The sister of Mick Philpott described how she effectively buried her brother today as she saw him sentenced to life for killing six of his children in a house fire in Derby. Speaking exclusively to ITV News, Dawn Bestwick said jail wasn't good enough, and that "as a coward" he "deserved to die".
Dawn Bestwick said: "They [the children] had a life. He [Mick Philpott] took that from them, he had no right. I hate him, I hate him so much. He's hurt us so much, it's not fair. He doesn't deserve to breath God's air. He deserves to die for what he did - and so do the other two. They were so cruel.
"It's not human, he should die for what he did. All three should rot in hell for what they did. The pain we have to live now, the grandmothers, the grandfather - they're the ones suffering too. The other siblings, Lord knows how they're going to get through this. But we're a strong family."
Watch the interview in full here shortly.