Sir Barnes Wallis – the engineer who designed the 'bouncing bomb' that destroyed German dams in 1943, was from Ripley in Derbyshire.
He was born in 1887 and died in Effingham, Surrey, in 1979.
Sir Barnes Wallis is still remembered across the Midlands: a pub is named after him in his birth town of Ripley; Nottingham Trent University has a building named after Wallis on Goldsmith Street; and there is also a Barnes Wallis Drive in Lincolnshire and Shropshire.
One of the last survivors of the Dambuster raid is Johnny Johnson who lives in Lincolnshire.
He was a sergeant during the raid 70 years ago and has been awarded many medals including a Distinguished Flying Medal for his part in 617 Squadron's 1943 blitz on the Nazi-occupied dams along the Ruhr Valley in Germany.
The raids destroyed the Nazi's hydro-electric power source.
In an inspiring interview Johnny Johnson told ITV News Central why he is a lucky man.
For the first time the Royal Air Force will today transmit the original wireless telegraphy signals of the famous Second World War 'Dambuster' air raid on the Ruhr valley dams on Twitter.
Today, the 70th anniversary of the raid, the tweets, which will substitute the original Morse code signals, will be posted on the RAF's official Twitter account @RoyalAirForceUK minute by minute as the raid occurred.
In addition tweets will be posted highlighting events that were unknown at the time, such as when aircraft were lost during the action.