Lord Justice Goldring reminded the jury of their duty to "enquire fully, fairly and fearlessly into a disaster which caused the deaths of 96 people."
He said they need to produce conclusions which answer the critical question of how each person died and gave the jury six topics they may want to consider over the coming months:
1) What was the layout including the layout of the turnstiles at Leppings Lane and the structure for Hillsborough in 1989? Did it contribute to this disaster or the deaths? Where there dangers which should have been appreciated. If so by whom?
2) Were steps taken to control the allocation and level of the crowd in general terms to prevent pens 3+4 from becoming overcrowded? Could anything more have been done to prevent it? If so, by whom? Was the system of fans finding their own level a satisfactory one?
3) What was done to manage the approach of fans to the turnstiles at Leppings Lane? Did a crush outside the entrance develop? If so, could anything or anything more have been done to avoid or minimise that risk? If so, by whom?
4) When the exit gates were opened to relieve any crush at the turnstiles should anything or anything more have been done to avoid the risk of a dangerous situation developing in pens 3 & 4? If so, what?
5) What was the emergency response of the police, ambulance service and other services? Could anything more have been done? If so, what?
6) What was the conduct of the fans or some of them excluding those who died. Did that play any part in the disaster?
Lord Justice Goldring added: "I phrase it in that way because I do not believe that anyone will suggest that the conduct of those who died in any way contributed to their deaths."
"There are many more issues and topics which you will have to consider as the hearing unfolds but these may help to begin guide your thinking."
The jury were sent home for the day.
They will start hearing evidence tomorrow with the background statements of each of the 96 victims.