The coroner in the Hillsborough inquests has told the jury they must decide whether Sheffield Wednesday FC changed the layout of the Leppings Lane end to prevent overcrowding or to segregate fans.
Sir John Goldring is summarising evidence about how pens were divided in 1985 - four years before the disaster.
The court has heard that the club adopted a scheme to keep 23 turnstiles over proposals to increase the number to 34.
The Coroner said:
"Importantly, the schemes [adopted] did not have the sort of dedicated entrances for particular pens that would have allowed the numbers entering each pen to be monitored at the turnstiles.
"Whether it was a scheme to prevent overcrowding as opposed to segregation is a matter for you to consider."
The jury heard that when it was previously suggested that cost was the reason for the change, Dick Chester, the club secretary at the time, told the court that the board was:
"Intent on safety and segregation."
Two Hillsborough families campaigners will be made Senior Fellows of Liverpool Hope University today.
Margaret Aspinall is chair of the Hillsborough Family Support Group (HFSG). Margaret's 18-year-old son James lost his life in the tragedy.
Trevor Hicks was founding chairman of the HFSG before standing down after nearly 16 years service and becoming Honorary Life President. Mr Hicks and former wife Jennifer lost their daughters 19 year old Sarah Louise and 15 year old Victoria Jane in the Hillsborough Disaster.
In recognition of their campaign, all of the Hillsborough families were added to the City of Liverpool Freedom Roll and Margaret Aspinall and Trevor Hicks were awarded CBEs in the Queen's 2014 New Year honours.
"Margaret Aspinall and Trevor Hicks are truly remarkable people.
In recognising them, we seek to honour all the families of the 96 and those who engage in the struggle for truth in our society.
We are honoured to welcome them into the Liverpool Hope University community."
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Doctors and police have been describing their attempts to save a schoolboy who was caught in the crush at Hillsborough.
14 year old Lee Nicol from Bootle was was the 95th person to die in the disaster.
He was pulled from the front corner of a pen and initially treated on the pitch by police.
Former police officer Keith Marsh said: "I was hopeful that the people who had been involved in Lee’s care had done enough for him to have a chance."
The teenager was carried to an ambulance at the other end of the pitch and was the first casualty from the disaster to be taken to the Northern General Hospital, Sheffield.
Dr Rachel Pettinger, a paediatrician who treated him when he first arrived, told the jury: "He was so young. We tried very hard."
The court heard Lee was on a life support machine for two days before he died.
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Margaret Aspinall and Trevor Hicks have been awarded CBEs for services to the families of the 96 Liverpool fans who died at the Hillsborough Disaster in 1989.
They were separately presented with their honours by the Queen during a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.
Mrs Aspinall and Mr Hicks spoke briefly to the Queen after she pinned their medals. The ceremony concluded with Her Majesty shaking their hands.
Mrs Aspinall, chair of the Hillsborough Family Support Group, along with Mr Hicks, president of the group, campaigned for decades until the quashing of earlier inquest verdicts and the holding of the ongoing new inquests at a special hearing in Warrington.
"It is quite obvious that she knew about Hillsborough because she did say 'Things are better for you all now, hopefully? Things are looking a little bit different now'.
"I know she cannot say much about it, I just said yes."
Mrs Aspinall's son James, 18, and Mr Hicks's daughters Sarah, 19, and Victoria, 15, were among the 96 Liverpool fans who were killed in Britain's worst sporting disaster.
Mr Hicks described it as a day of "mixed emotions", saying that "it is the first time I have got something that I would rather not have had, for obvious reasons, but I am extremely proud to be here".
Two Hillsborough campaigners will receive honours from the Queen later.
Margaret Aspinall and Trevor Hicks will be awarded CBE's for services to the families of the 96 Liverpool fans who died in the disaster in 1989.
Mrs Aspinall, chair of the Hillsborough Family Support group, along with Mr Hicks, president of the group, campaigned for decades until the quashing of earlier inquest verdicts and the holding of the ongoing new inquests at a special hearing in Warrington.
Community groups are benefiting after footballing stars came together in memory of the Hillsborough victims.
A team of Liverpool legends managed by Kenny Dalglish lined up against international stars at Anfield earlier this year.
Ashley Derricott has been finding out more about their work:
The University of Liverpool has apologised to the Hillsborough families after deciding to postpone a ceremony to award Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir Bernard Hogan-Howe an honorary degree.
Hogan-Howe was referred to the Independent Police Complaints Commission in December over his role at the Hillsborough disaster in 1989 where 96 people died.
The commissioner was due to receive the award in recognition of his time as Chief Constable to Merseyside at a ceremony in December.
Campaigners said they were "appalled" by the university's "insensitivity".
“We are deeply sorry if we have inadvertently caused any distress to the Hillsborough families. All of us feel great sensitivity to the families at this difficult time,” deputy vice-chancellor Patrick Hackett said.