The Office of Rail and Road says that passengers were let down by the rail industry in a report commissioned after the rail disruption over the summer.
The rail network was plagued by cancellations and delays after new timetables were introduced in May.
Hearing evidence over three months, the inquiry found that Network Rail, Govia Thameslink Railway, Northern, the Department for Transport, and the Office of Rail and Road all made mistakes which contributed to the collapse of services.
It also found that the problem was made worse by a lack of information from train operators when the disruption happened.
One of the key issues the Inquiry found is that there is an apparent gap in industry responsibility and accountability for managing systemic risks.
It also found that:
- The System Operator (SO) function within Network Rail was in the best position to understand and manage the risks, but did not take sufficient action, especially in the critical period of autumn 2017
- Neither GTR nor Northern were properly aware of or prepared for the problems in delivering the timetable and they did not do enough to provide accurate information to passengers when disruption occurred
- Both DfT and ORR are responsible for overseeing aspects of the industry, but neither sufficiently questioned assurances they received from the industry about the risk of disruption.
The May 2018 timetable was meant to offer more services and reliability, but in reality it led to major disruption for passengers. Today’s report uncovers the issues that Network Rail, GTR, Northern, ORR and the DfT together need to address to stop this disruption happening again.
Central to the issues were that good intentions and over-optimism within the rail industry about its ability to recover missed deadlines left no time to uncover and fix problems. When problems arose, timetable planners were stretched and train operators were ill-equipped to help passengers. This meant that staff worked in very difficult circumstances to do as good a job as possible and I thank them for their efforts.
In response to the report, Northern said it is "deeply sorry for the unacceptable disruption" passengers had faced, saying it apologises unreservedly.
The franchise said they put an emergency timetable in place to try to stabilise services, but that most trains have now been restored. They are giving compensation to customers holding season tickets.
Northern accepts that many customers had insufficient information about disruption following the introduction of the May timetable and is committed to significantly improving information for customers. This includes investing over £5 million on new information screens a
In a statement the company said "Northern will now consider in detail the findings in the ORR Report. We want to learn the lessons of the May timetable disruption and will be working closely with other organisations across the rail industry to ensure new timetabling is implemented as effectively as possible for customers in the future."
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Seventy-five per cent of services that were removed as part of Northern Rail's emergency timetable will be reinstated today.
But after more cancellations yesterday Andy Burnham says he sees no signs of improvements.
Hundreds of trains were cancelled or delayed on Sunday amid staff shortages blamed on the World Cup and hot weather.
Northern services were disrupted on Sunday as fewer train crews than normal agreed to work. There was a chance that England could have been playing in the World Cup final at 4pm, until the team lost on Wednesday. Full refunds are available for holders of Advance tickets, or passengers can use tickets on Monday instead.
Northern announced more than 170 services will be cancelled on Sunday.
The train operator said it is "likely" more services will be scrapped, with Cheshire, Lancashire and Greater Manchester faring the worst, and Yorkshire also affected. A spokesman said "many Northern staff have made themselves unavailable for work" on Sunday.
Staff contracts mean they do not have to work Sundays if they provide seven days' notice.