25 facts to mark 150 years of the Tube

London Underground and the London Transport Museum have organised events to celebrate 150 years of the Tube Photo: Katie Collins/PA Wire

The Tube - the world's first underground railway - is celebrating 150 years since the first journey took place between Paddington and Farringdon on the Metropolitan Railway.

Here are 25 top Tube facts from Transport for London:

  • Number of miles/km travelled by each Tube train each year: 114,500 miles/184,269km
  • Total number of passengers carried each year: 1,107 million
  • Average train speed: 33km per hour/20.5mph
  • Length of network: 402km/249 miles
  • Proportion of the network that is in tunnels: 45 per cent
  • Longest continuous tunnel: East Finchley to Morden (via Bank) - 27.8km/17.25 miles
  • Total number of escalators: 426
  • Station with most escalators: Waterloo - 23
  • Longest escalator: Angel - 60m/197ft, with a vertical rise of 27.5m/90ft
  • Shortest escalator: Stratford, with a vertical rise of 4.1m
  • Total number of lifts, including four stair lifts: 164
  • Four passenger conveyors - two at Waterloo and two at Bank
  • Deepest lift shaft: Hampstead - 55.2m/181ft
  • Shortest lift shaft: King's Cross - 2.3m/7.5ft
  • Vertical lifting platforms highest rise: Walthamstow 1.98m/6.5ft
  • Vertical lifting platforms shortest: Hainault 0.64m/2.1ft
  • Carriages in London Underground's (LU's) fleet: 4134
  • Total number of stations served: 270
  • Total number of stations managed: 260
  • Total number of staff: 19,000 approx
  • Stations with the most platforms: Baker Street - 10. Moorgate has 10 platforms but only six are used by LU (two are used by First Capital Connect and two were formerly used by Thameslink services)
  • Busiest stations: During the three-hour morning peak, London's busiest Tube station is Waterloo, with 57,000 people entering. The busiest station in terms of passengers each year is also Waterloo with 82 million
  • The Underground name first appeared on stations in 1908
  • London Underground has been known as the Tube since 1890, when the first deep-level electric railway line was opened
  • The Tube's world-famous logo, 'the roundel' (a red circle crossed by a horizontal blue bar), first appeared in 1908