1. ITV Report

Historic London Medical Records

Finchley Medical Report (1894) Photo: The Wellcome Library

Thousands of documents providing fascinating insight into life in 19th Century London have been published for the first time today by the Wellcome Library.

The reports were complied annually by the Medical Officers of Health in each district and detail the diseases which plagued England's capital city.

The difficulties of life in London at the time are laid bare in graphic accounts detailing appalling living standards, food shortages and shockingly high infant mortality rates.

Below is a list of the diseases which were the most deadly at the time for inhabitants in each borough, along with links to the reports themselves.

Barking (1985)**

· Whooping cough - 22 deaths

· Phthisis - 17 deaths

· Enteric Fever - 13 deaths

Finchley (1984)**

Diseases of respiratory organs other than phthisis - 37 deaths

Diseases of nervous organs (including apoplexy and convulsions) - 33 deaths

Diseases of circulatory organs - 19 deaths

Erith (1903)**

Scarlet Fever - 53 deathsDiphtheria - 38 deathsErysipelas - 25 deaths

Willesden (1893)**

Diseases of the respiratory system - 170 deaths

Constitutional diseases - 159 deaths

Miasmatic diseases - 132 deaths

Bromley (1985)**

Bronchitis, Pleurisy and Pneumonia - 64 deaths

Heart disease - 36 deaths

Phthisis - 32 deaths

St Giles (1881)**

Diarrhoea - 36 deaths

Whooping cough - 29 deathsMeasles - 22 deaths

St Olave (1897)**

Pneumonia, bronchitis, pleurisy - 52 deaths

Phthisis - 32 deaths

Zymotic diseases - 26 deaths

St Martin-in-the-Fields (1856)**

Phthisis - 81 deaths

Bronchitis - 45 deaths

Pneumonia - 30 deaths

Croydon (1893)**

Tubercular diseases - 18 deaths

Pulmonary consumption - 13 deaths

Pulmonary diseases - 28 deaths

Acton (1893)**

Diarrhoea and dysentery - 60 deaths

Scarlet fever - 10 deaths

Puerperal fever - 6 deaths

Edmonton (1894)**

Diarrhoea and dysentery - 28 deaths

Diphtheria - 22 deaths

Whooping Cough - 17 deaths

Woolwich (1894)**

Measles - 39 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 22 deaths

Diarrhoea - 19 deaths

Hackney (1862)**

Scarlet Fever - 21 deaths

Whooping Cough - 16 deaths

Croup - 7 deaths

Fulham (1856)**

Respiratory diseases - 117 deaths

Consumption - 67 deaths

Diarrhoea - 48 deaths

Tottenham (1893)**

Scarlet Fever - 145 deaths

Diarrhoea - 61 deaths

Diphtheria - 50 deaths

Harrow (1895)**

Bronchitis, Pneumonia and Pleurisy - 21 deaths

Heart Disease - 6 deaths

Phthisis - 5 deaths

Romford (1898)**

Diphtheria - 23 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 22 deaths

Typhoid Fever - 18 deaths

Hillingdon (1894)**

Hillingdon - 14 deaths

Heart Disease - 7 deaths

Phthisis - 7 deaths

Chiswick (1893)**

Bronchitis, Pneumonia and Pleurisy - 66 deaths

Heart Disease - 32 deaths

Phthisis - 26 deaths

St Luke (1894)**

Diphtheria - 15 deaths

Phthisis - 12 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 9 deaths

Kensington (1856)**

  • Diarrhoea -62 deaths·
  • Measles- 30 deaths·
  • ScarletFever - 20 deaths

Kingston-upon-Thames (1893)**

Scarlet Fever - 7 deaths

Typhoid - 2 deaths

Diphtheria - 5 deaths

Lambeth (1899)**

Diarrhoea - 46 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 42 deaths

Measles - 29 deaths

Lewisham (1863)**

Diarrhoea - 46 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 42 deaths

Measles - 29 deaths

Wimbledon (1893)**

Diarrhoea - 16 deaths

Measles - 5 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 3 deaths

Newham (1893)**

Whooping cough 143 deaths

Diphtheria - 104 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 83 deaths

Ilford (1893)**

Scarlet Fever - 138 deaths

Diphtheria - 71 deaths

Typhoid - 10 deaths

Teddington (1894)**

Bronchitis, Pneumonia and Pleurisy - 14 deaths

Phthisis - 14 deaths

Cancer - 10 deaths

St George (1859)**

Measles - 148 deaths

Diarrhoea - 134 deaths

Hooping Cough - 45 deaths

Carshalton (1894)

Measles - 8 deaths

Enteric Fever - 1 death

Bethnal Green (1855)

Diarrhoea - 30 deaths

Measles - 27 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 22 deaths

Leyton (1896)

Diarrhoea - 87 deaths

Whooping Cough - 52 deaths

Diphtheria - 20 deaths

Wandsworth (1856)

Phthisis - 54 deaths

Scrofula - 46 deaths

Measles - 14 deaths