Historic London Medical Records

Finchley Medical Report (1894)
Finchley Medical Report (1894) Photo: The Wellcome Library

Thousands of documents providing fascinating insight into life in 19th Century London have been published for the first time today by the Wellcome Library.

The reports were complied annually by the Medical Officers of Health in each district and detail the diseases which plagued England's capital city.

The difficulties of life in London at the time are laid bare in graphic accounts detailing appalling living standards, food shortages and shockingly high infant mortality rates.

Below is a list of the diseases which were the most deadly at the time for inhabitants in each borough, along with links to the reports themselves.

Barking (1985)**

· Whooping cough - 22 deaths

· Phthisis - 17 deaths

· Enteric Fever - 13 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Barking and Dagenham click here

Finchley (1984)**

Diseases of respiratory organs other than phthisis - 37 deaths

Diseases of nervous organs (including apoplexy and convulsions) - 33 deaths

Diseases of circulatory organs - 19 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Barnet click here

Erith (1903)**

Scarlet Fever - 53 deathsDiphtheria - 38 deathsErysipelas - 25 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Bexley click here

Willesden (1893)**

Diseases of the respiratory system - 170 deaths

Constitutional diseases - 159 deaths

Miasmatic diseases - 132 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Brent click here

Bromley (1985)**

Bronchitis, Pleurisy and Pneumonia - 64 deaths

Heart disease - 36 deaths

Phthisis - 32 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Bromley click here

St Giles (1881)**

Diarrhoea - 36 deaths

Whooping cough - 29 deathsMeasles - 22 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Camden click here

St Olave (1897)**

Pneumonia, bronchitis, pleurisy - 52 deaths

Phthisis - 32 deaths

Zymotic diseases - 26 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from the City of London click here

St Martin-in-the-Fields (1856)**

Phthisis - 81 deaths

Bronchitis - 45 deaths

Pneumonia - 30 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from the City of Westminster click here

Croydon (1893)**

Tubercular diseases - 18 deaths

Pulmonary consumption - 13 deaths

Pulmonary diseases - 28 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Croydon click here

Acton (1893)**

Diarrhoea and dysentery - 60 deaths

Scarlet fever - 10 deaths

Puerperal fever - 6 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Ealing click here

Edmonton (1894)**

Diarrhoea and dysentery - 28 deaths

Diphtheria - 22 deaths

Whooping Cough - 17 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Enfield click here

Woolwich (1894)**

Measles - 39 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 22 deaths

Diarrhoea - 19 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Greenwich click here

Hackney (1862)**

Scarlet Fever - 21 deaths

Whooping Cough - 16 deaths

Croup - 7 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Hackney click here

Fulham (1856)**

Respiratory diseases - 117 deaths

Consumption - 67 deaths

Diarrhoea - 48 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Hammersmith and Fulham click here

Tottenham (1893)**

Scarlet Fever - 145 deaths

Diarrhoea - 61 deaths

Diphtheria - 50 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Haringey click here

Harrow (1895)**

Bronchitis, Pneumonia and Pleurisy - 21 deaths

Heart Disease - 6 deaths

Phthisis - 5 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Harrow click here

Romford (1898)**

Diphtheria - 23 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 22 deaths

Typhoid Fever - 18 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from from Havering click here

Hillingdon (1894)**

Hillingdon - 14 deaths

Heart Disease - 7 deaths

Phthisis - 7 deaths

To see a full breakdown of figures from Hillingdon click here

Chiswick (1893)**

Bronchitis, Pneumonia and Pleurisy - 66 deaths

Heart Disease - 32 deaths

Phthisis - 26 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Hounslow click here

St Luke (1894)**

Diphtheria - 15 deaths

Phthisis - 12 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 9 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records for Islingdon click here

Kensington (1856)**

  • Diarrhoea -62 deaths·
  • Measles- 30 deaths·
  • ScarletFever - 20 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Kensington and Chelsea click here

Kingston-upon-Thames (1893)**

Scarlet Fever - 7 deaths

Typhoid - 2 deaths

Diphtheria - 5 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Kingston-upon-Thames click here

Lambeth (1899)**

Diarrhoea - 46 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 42 deaths

Measles - 29 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Lewisham click here

Lewisham (1863)**

Diarrhoea - 46 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 42 deaths

Measles - 29 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Lewisham click here

Wimbledon (1893)**

Diarrhoea - 16 deaths

Measles - 5 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 3 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Merton click here

Newham (1893)**

Whooping cough 143 deaths

Diphtheria - 104 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 83 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Newham click here

Ilford (1893)**

Scarlet Fever - 138 deaths

Diphtheria - 71 deaths

Typhoid - 10 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Redbridge click here

Teddington (1894)**

Bronchitis, Pneumonia and Pleurisy - 14 deaths

Phthisis - 14 deaths

Cancer - 10 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Richmond-upon-Thames click here

St George (1859)**

Measles - 148 deaths

Diarrhoea - 134 deaths

Hooping Cough - 45 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Southwark click here

Carshalton (1894)

Measles - 8 deaths

Enteric Fever - 1 death

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Sutton click here

Bethnal Green (1855)

Diarrhoea - 30 deaths

Measles - 27 deaths

Scarlet Fever - 22 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Tower Hamlets click here

Leyton (1896)

Diarrhoea - 87 deaths

Whooping Cough - 52 deaths

Diphtheria - 20 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Waltham Forest click here

Wandsworth (1856)

Phthisis - 54 deaths

Scrofula - 46 deaths

Measles - 14 deaths

To see a full breakdown of medical records from Wandsworth click here