Delayed rail passengers should be compensated in cash rather than vouchers, watchdog group Passenger Focus said.
Chief executive of the group David Sidebottom said the main reason passengers contact them are over concerns to do with train delays, refund conditions and levels of compensation.
Mr Sidebottom said the group would like to see compensation regime improvements in new rail franchises being introduced over the next few months. Rail minister Stephen Hammond welcomed the findings of the report by the Office of Rail Regulation. He said:
"I am determined that passengers have the best possible experience on our railways so I welcome the ORR report.
"Our new franchising agreements are ensuring that more-generous compensation schemes are in place for passengers and it is essential they know how to claim. I will continue to push operators to do all they can to make sure passengers are fully aware of their rights."
More than three-quarters of train passengers are unaware of their compensation and refund rights when trains are delayed or cancelled, according to a report by rail regulators.
A survey and study groups revealed more than 75% of rail passengers "do not know very much" or "nothing at all" about what they are entitled to when services are disrupted.
The Office of Rail Regulation report also showed that 74% of the passengers questioned said that train companies do "not very much" or "nothing at all" to proactively provide information about compensation when there are delays.
A rail watchdog has described the regulators findings as "concerning" and said that more needs to be done to alert rail passengers to their refund and compensation rights for disrupted services.
– David Sidebottom, acting chief executive of rail traveller watchdog Passenger Focus
When trains are delayed or cancelled, it is important that passengers are made aware of their rights to a refund or compensation.
It is of concern that as many as 75% of rail passengers 'do not know very much' or 'nothing at all' about their rights.
This is a problem that needs addressing. The top issues raised by passengers contacting us regularly include train delays, refund conditions and levels of compensation.
Three quarters of train passengers don't know they can claim compensation if their train is delayed or cancelled according to a survey.
The report from the Office of Rail Regulation found that over 75% of rail passengers "don't know very much" or "nothing at all" about what compensation they are entitled to when their trains are delayed.
– Anna Walker, Office of Rail Regulation Chairman
We want to see that passengers are treated fairly, receive the quality of service they pay for, and when this is not the case, can hold their service providers to account.
Britain's rail industry needs to be more transparent and proactive in providing information. This includes data on passenger compensation.