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Duggan family's anger at lawful killing verdict

Family members and supporters of Mark Duggan reacted angrily after an inquest in January found that police lawfully killed the 29-year-old.

Mark Duggan's mother, Pam Duggan (right) and her son Marlon Duggan (left) outside the Royal Courts of Justice Credit: PA Wire

The inquest jury found that Duggan was lawfully killed by a police marksman in 2011 when officers stopped the vehicle he was travelling in.

His death sparked protests in London that exploded into riots and looting across the country.

A judge has since ruled that Pamela Duggan has an "arguable case" to challenge the verdict onto the killing.

Mark Duggan's mother wins appeal bid over verdict

The mother of Mark Duggan, who was fatally shot by police in 2011, has been given permission to challenge the inquest verdict that he was lawfully killed.

A judge ruled that Pamela Duggan can apply for a review after her lawyers claimed the coroner's direction to the jury was "arguably inadequate".

Mark Duggan's death sparked nationwide riots in 2011. Credit: PA Wire

An inquest jury had previously concluded that Mark Duggan was lawfully killed by a police marksman in August 2011 in Tottenham, north London.

Mrs Duggan's lawyers will contend that the coroner did not address questions which, if they had been addressed, meant the lawful killing verdict could not stand at a hearing to take place at a later date.

The judge said the case should go before a panel of judges including either the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Thomas, or the President of the Queen's Bench Division, Sir Brian Leveson.

Metropolitan Police statement on 'hard stop' tactic

In a statement the Metropolitan Police service said specialist firearms officers are called to more than 11,000 incidents a year, of which 3,000 are firearms incidents.

It said that 1,200 pre-planned firearms operations are run across the force, and yet officers only fire shots once or twice a year.

Armed criminals have killed more than 50 people in London in the past three-and-a-half years, the Met said, while of the eight people killed in pre-planned operations in the last decade, only two have followed the "hard stop" tactic.

The alternative to using this tactic is to allow highly dangerous criminals who get into cars with guns intent on committing harm to carry out the crime, only investigating it afterwards, with potentially catastrophic consequences.

It was wrong not to formally review the tactic in 2005 following the IPCC recommendation. This is a national tactic to which we subscribe. However, following the result of the Azelle Rodney enquiry, an interim review has been completed by the College of Policing and the MPS will now work to see if there are any alternative or better tactics available.

– Metropolitan Police statement


Met admits lack of Duggan tactic review 'was wrong'

Scotland Yard today conceded it was wrong not to have conducted a review, but said an "interim review" had now been completed. Credit: Metropolitan Police

The Metropolitan Police has admitted it was wrong not to review its use of the "hard stop" tactic employed in the shooting of Mark Duggan in 2011, despite being advised to do so by the complaints watchdog.

The Independent Police Complaints Commission recommended the review in 2005 following the shooting of suspected drug dealer Azelle Rodney, saying it was a "high risk option" which carried risks to the public, suspects and officers.

Duggan: Police officers 'should not confer'

Police officers could be banned from conferring in the aftermath of fatal shootings like that of Mark Duggan.

The Independent Police Complaints Commission says it plans to issue new guidance advising that officers should be separated before they give statements about what happened.

Conferring among officers has been a controversial issue in a number of cases, including the death of Brazilian electrician Jean Charles de Menezes.

"It's our view that officers should be separated in death cases before they give their accounts."

– IPCC spokeswoman
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