Politicians, youth leaders and those affected by violence have been meeting at a conference in London aimed at tackling gang culture.
As Liz Wickham found, it's thought the arrest of more than 200 gang leaders in the wake of the 2011 riots may have created a power vacuum, in which younger gang members have grabbed power, on a wave of violence:
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Rail services through Farringdon are being delayed again tonight as engineers carrying out safety checks.