The census appeared to confirm a boom in cycling in London, with 161,700, or 2.6% of the population, using this form of transport to get to work in the capital.
This compared with 77,000 a decade ago, the ONS said, but these figures were not strictly comparable as the 2001 figures did not include those people who said they worked from home.
Meanwhile 50%, or two million people, used public transport to get to work in London.
More top news
Scotland Yard confirm that two people arrested in connection with the attack on Westminster have been released with no further action
An appeal to support the family of murdered policeman Keith Palmer has reached more than £700,000 in two days.
PC Keith Palmer will be remembered permanently at the National Memorial Arboretum, Home Secretary Amber Rudd has said.