Sophie Hosking, from Wimbledon, was also awarded an MBE for services to rowing.
The athlete, who won gold in the Lightweight Women's Double Scull at London 2012, learned to row at school in Kingston and now trains at the London Rowing Club in Putney.
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Two members of the public were injured along with two police officers who were in the unmarked vehicle.
Scotland Yard recorded 1,235 Islamophobic attacks in the last 12 months, compared with 811 in 2015.
Officers say the child, aged two, was targeted in the Lewisham Shopping Centre.