Dangerous dogs are being bred by young men as business assets in drug deals, debt collection and for their gang image, according to research published today.
More young men were using aggressive dogs, such as Pitbulls, as a "commodity" for security and making money in gangs, the study found.
Dr Simon Harding, of Middlesex University London, who is behind the research, said: "For many young people, dogs are increasingly viewed as a commodity which can be traded up or down like a mobile phone.
More top news
Some 26 schoolchildren who went missing in the Brecon Beacons during a Duke of Edinburgh exercise have all been found safe and well.
Charaf Elmoudden went to the singer's four-bedroom house in north-west London last year and made off with goods worth more than £200,000.
The plea has been postponed in case where man is accused of dismembering a police officer he met on gay dating website Grindr.