Around 500 passengers had travelled on the Empire Windrush from Jamaica, in response to job adverts in their local papers, to help plug Britain's post-war labour shortage.
But news of their imminent arrival prompted some alarm within the civil service and even questions in parliament.
Those without anywhere to stay were housed in a deep air raid shelter under Clapham Common, and it's thought that may be the reason that many came to settle in nearby Brixton - as the nearest labour exchange was in Coldharbour Lane.
Many of those on board the Windrush had only intended to stay in Britain for a short period of time, but 65 years on its clear the 'Windrush generation' and their descendants have become an integral part of London life.
More top news
One of the country's most extravagant private homes has been snapped up for just a quarter of the original £100 million asking price
Transport for London is being forced to pull down Germanwings tube adverts with the words "get ready to be surprised" after the fatal crash
Two huge boring machines are entering the final stage of their 26 mile journey underneath London's streets