Feltham Prison and Young Offender Institution has been labelled an "unacceptably violent place" by inspectors.
It was covered in gang graffiti and witnessed on average two fights or assaults every day, some of which were "very serious", HM Inspectorate of Prisons found.
Chief inspector of prisons Nick Hardwick said: "Feltham as a whole is an unacceptably violent place. Despite excellent work in some cases, staff were unable to prevent a high number of very concerning incidents that carried a significant risk of serious injury."
More top news
More than 300 dogs have braved the weather in an attempt to break a world record at Battersea Park in south London.
Jailed former celebrity publicist Max Clifford has died after collapsing in prison.
The first snow of winter has arrived in London causing major disruption for road and rail users.