Other highly polluted areas include Oxford Street near Marble Arch, which registered at 150 micrograms, and Cockspur Street near Trafalgar Square on 138 micrograms.
The fourth and fifth locations were Park Lane and Knightsbridge - which measured 135 and 134 micrograms respectively.
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The high of 35C was recorded on a Bakerloo line train between Piccadilly Circus and Oxford Circus at 2pm.
Weather forecasters say temperatures could reach 35C, beating the previous record of 34.6C in the scorching summer of 1976.
After years of political manoeuvring over the future expansion of Heathrow Airport, there has been an important development this lunchtime.