Greenpeace member Phil Ball from Oxford has appeared in court in Russia over piracy charges.
He was detained by Russian authorities during a Greenpeace protest at an Arctic Sea oil platform.
He was among 30 people held as activists who boarded the platform in an attempt to stop it drilling.
The Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise was seized and the "Arctic 30" are facing charges of piracy in a case which has prompted protests around the world.
Sergey Golubok, a lawyer for Greenpeace International, told BBC Radio 4's Today programme:
"As of now, none of the 30 people in detention have been charged with any narcotics offence. I'm surprised that the official representative in Moscow announced these charges before the charges are formally handed to the accused here in Murmansk."
The family of a Greenpeace activist from Oxfordshire are campaigning for his release. Phil Ball from Chipping Norton was part of a group arrested in Moscow when they tried to board a Russian oil platform in protest at plans to develop off-shore oil fields in the Arctic.
He could face fifteen years in prison for piracy. Penny Silvester has more.