The most common symptoms of bowel cancer include:
- a persistent change in bowel habits, especially needing to go to the toilet more often or having diarrhoea for several weeks
- bleeding from the back passage or blood in the bowel motion
- severe abdominal pain
- a lump in the abdomen
- unexplained tiredness or weight loss
See your GP if you have any of the above symptoms.
Video. It's one of our biggest cancer killers yet it's treatable, even curable, if caught early. That's why the charity Bowel Cancer UK is campaigning for GPs to be able to get patients tested sooner.
The current bowel screening programme offers tests, every two years, to men and women aged 60 to 74. The Department of Heath has pledged £60 million pounds over four years, to 2015, to further develop the screening programme.
Six centres have been been piloting the work, one of those at the Royal Surrey County Hospital NHS Trust.
So is enough being done to detect the signs early? Elodie Harper met one woman who says that, although it may be too late for her, others shouldn't have to suffer the same fate.
Patients with bowel cancer at Southampton's teaching hospitals have a 98.2% survival rate after surgery.
The national bowel cancer audit 2013 showed that a team of six surgeons at Southampton General Hospital performed 274 operations with one of the lowest adjusted mortality rates.
Part of the analysis was to judge each trust and gave them a percentage score, based on how ill the patients were, how high risk the procedure was and how many patients survived.
The national average was 3.1% deaths. University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust scored 1.8%.
James Smallwood, a consultant lower gastrointestinal surgeon said, "Achieving the best possible survival rate from major surgery is every surgeons ultimate goal."
A man from Portsmouth is one of the first person in the country to undergo a new form of medical treatment to shrink a bowel tumour.
Alan Bennett, 68, was part of a national chemoradiotherapy trial at the Queen Alexandra Hospital in Portsmouth.
The new treatment reduces the size of the cancer, so it can be cut out without removing the rectum. Mr Bennett had to take tablets every day, and had radiotherapy five days a week for five weeks.
His tumour had shrunk enough for him to have keyhole surgery last October, followed by a week in hospital to recover.
The daughter of a woman who died from bowel cancer says her mother begged doctors to take her health concerns seriously. Madelene Pratt Hooson had repeatedly visited her GP because she knew something wasn't right.
A month after she was finally diagnosed - cancer claimed her life at just 66.
Her daughter Laura says her mother would not have suffered as she did - IF doctors had diagnosed her earlier. James Crichton-Smith reports