Scientists at the University of Southampton will be looking at 3D images of human tissues, magnified to one billionth of a metre, thanks to new imaging tools.
It is to help develop replacement stem cells for certain parts of the body. The project is being funded by the Medical Research Council.
Regenerative medicine aims to make tissues and organs repair damaged and diseased tissues and restore the body to its original health.
Professor Richard Oreffo, who is leading the Southampton study said, "Increased ageing populations pose new challenges and emphasise the need for new approaches.
"Regenerative medicine promises to deliver specifiable replacement tissues."