It's an issue which has already led to huge protests elsewhere. But now licences for fracking will be up for grabs in areas of Oxfordshire later this year.
The area set aside is a 350 square mile area between Kidlington, Banbury and Bicester north of Oxford.
Campaigners are already setting out their stall, with one MEP speaking at a public meeting tonight in Bicester, to discuss what it could mean for communities across the Thames Valley.
Cary Johnston reports on what has already been a contentious issue.